MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-1, Discussion- 11.

( The Scriptural Treatise )


"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that  is  past,  present,  and  future,  verily  is  Aum.  That  which  is  beyond  the  three  periods  of  time  is  also,  indeed,  Aum."

Discussion- 11.

The concept of time is a trick of the mind.Where there is no mind, the concept of time also does not  function. But we all know that mind is in itself matter,  inert and insentient.

When the mind is in conjunction with life, it gains a similitude of activity in its sentience and conscience.

Thus, that, which is beyond time, is the very Divine Spark of life, because of which, this assemblage of body, mind and intellect functions as though  it is a vibrant and dynamic being.

Thus, "AUM" represents in its symbolism, as well as in its syllabic-significances, not only the manifest world of plurality, but also its substratum, the unmanifest, Non-dual Reality.

Subjectively "AUM"  must necessarily then represent not only the matter-envelopment in us but also the Spiritual Center behind it all.

How it is so, is the very content of the twelve sacred mantra-s  which constitute the entire Upanishad.

Discussion ends.

Next : Mantram-2.
To be continued  ...