Upanishads : " The Cream of Vedas"
Vedanta ( Veda +anta i.e; the end of Vedas ) as the literal meaning connotes comprises the philosophical portion of Vedas, called the Upanishads.
Of about 280 Upanishads unearthed so far, 108 have been accepted as authorised texts , and out of them have been commented upon by great Acharyas lika Sri Sankaracharya , Sri Ramanjacharya, Sri Madhavacharya and thus are classified as major.
Jagarita-sthano : one whose field is waking state;
bahih prajnah : who is conscious of the external;
sapta angah : has seven limbs;
ekona vimsati mukhah : has nineteen mouths;
sthula-bhuk : experiencer of gross objects;
vaisvanarah : (is) vaisvanara;
prathamah : first;
padah ; quarter.
The first quarter (pada) is Vaisvanara whose sphere of activity is the waking state, who is conscious of the external world of objects, who has seven limbs and ninteen mouths, and who enjoys the gross objects of the world.
Discussion - 3.
1. The Upanishad is trying to give us an exact location, identity, field of activity and things enjoyed by the 'waker' in us.
2. This 'waker-ego' is called in samskritam the language of the rishi-s, as "Vaisvanara"; and this Vaisvanara (or visva) is the ego that enjoys the waking-state-consciouness and is aware of the world of sense objects.
3. He is not only conscious of the objects but the only enjoyment known to him is in the field of sense objects.
4. He enjoys forms, sounds, tastes, smells, and touches - and that is all.
5. The 'waker', while he is awake, cannot have any substantial enjoyments, other than these five tiny fields of the objects of the five senses! To be continued ......
( The Scriptural Treatise )
"Harih Aum, Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam sarvam
tasyopa-vyakhyanam bhutam bhavad-bhavisyad iti
sarvam-onkara eva, yac-canyat-trikalatitam
Harih Aum = symbol of para Brahmam;
Aum iti = Omkara ( iti ) thus;
etat aksharam = this syllable;
idam sarvam = ( is ) all this;
tasya = of that ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam = a clear exposition;
bhutam = the past;
bhavat = the present;
bhavishyat = ( and ) the future;
iti = thus ( belonging to );
sarvam = all this;
Omkara eva = ( is ) Omkara only;
yat = that which is;
ca = and;
anyat = anything else;
trikala atitam = beyond ( the three periods of ) time;
tat = that;
api = also;
Omkarah = ( is ) Omkara;
eva = only.
"Harih Aum, Aum, the word, is all this. A clear explanation of it is ( the following )" : -