UPANISHAD MANDUKYA : Chapter-1. Agama Prakarana ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Sri Gaudapada's glossary begins : Karika Slokam-s 1 to 9. Slokam-1. Discussion-4.
Mandukya Upanishad :
Chapter-1. Agama Prakarana ( The Scriptural Treatise )
Sri Gaudapada's glossary begins :
Karika Slokam-s 1 to 9.
Bahis-prajno vibhur-visvo hyantah-prajnastu taijasah,
ghana-prajnas-tatha prajna eka eva tridha smrtah.
bahih prajno = who is conscious of the external;
vibhuh = all pervasive;
visvah = visva;
hi = whereas;
antah prajnah = who is conscious of the internal;
tu = but;
taijasah = is taijasa;
ghana prajnah = (is) mass of consciousness;
tatha = and;
prajnah = is prakma;
ekah eva = sama entity only;
tridha = (in) three different ways;
smrtah = (is) thought of.
SUM of Mantram : -
Visva, the first quarter ( pada ) is he, who is All-pervading and who experiences the external, the gross objects ( the Waker ).
Taijasa, the second quarter ( pada ), is he, who cognates the internal, the subtle bodies ( the Dreamer ).
Prajna is he, who is a mass of consciousness.
He is one alone who is thus known as three, in the three different planes of consciousness.
The idea is, the Life principle, or Pure Consciousness in us is one and the same, but identifying itself with the physical body, it looks out into the external objects.
When it is aware of the world outside, the condition is termed as the waking state.
When the same Consciousness Principle in us, detaching from the physical structure, identifies itself with the mind-and-intellect it becomes the Dreamer, dreaming its own world and mental impressions, which have certainly no no relationship with or reference to the world outside.
The same Consciousness, again, withdrawing entirely from the physical body and the subtle body, identifies itself with the causal-sheath and becomes the Deep-sleeper and enjoys the state of philosophical consciousness called Deep-Sleep.
Thus, in our different identifications, we experience as though we are, each in ourselves, three distinct personalities in us; in fact, it is intellectually acceptable that the Truth behind the three, the Vital Factor behind the three, the Life Principle presiding over the three fields of experiences, is one and the same, the 'I' - idea.
To be continued ...