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MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-2. Mantram-10. { Instructions on transfer of this Supreme Wisdom}.




MUNDAKOPANISHAD
    CHAPTER-3.
    SECTION-2.
   Mantram-10. { Instructions  on  transfer  of  this  Supreme  Wisdom}.

"Tad-etad-rcabhyuktam-

kriyavantah  srotriya  brahma-nishtah

svayam  juhvata  ekarsim  sraddha-yantah,

tesham-evaitam  brahma-vidyam  vadeta

siro-vratam  vidhivad  yaistu  cirnam."

tat  =  that;

etat  =  this;

rca  =  by  one  RK  ( a  vedik  mantram );

abhyuktam  =  explained;

kriyavantah  =  who  perform  rituals;

srotriyah  =  who  read   and  study  the  Veda-s;

brahma-nishtah  =  who  pursue  the  meditation  upon  Brahmam;

svayam  =  by  oneself;

juhvate  =  offer  oblation  to  the  fire;

ekarsim  =  the  sacificial  fire  called  'ekarsi';

sraddha-yantah  =  with  faith;

tesham  =  to  them;

eva  =  alone;

etam  =  this;

brahma-vidyam  =  knowledge  of  Brahmam;

vedeta  =  should  tell;

siro-vratam  =  Sirovrata  ( a vow  of  carrying  fire  on  the  head );

vidhivat  =  according  to  rules;

yaih  =  by  whom;

tu  =  and;

cirnam  =  observed,  performed.


'This  very  doctrine  has  been  explained  in  a  Veda  mantram  ( Rca )  as  follows' : -

"To  them  alone,  let  one  teach  this  knowledge  of  Brahmam,  who  perform  rituals,  who  read  and  study  the  Veda-s,  who  pursue  the  meditaions  upon  Brahmam,  who  possess  faith  and  offer  oblations  themselves  to  the  fire  called  Ekarsi;  and  who  have  observed  strictly  the  Sirovrta."

Next : Discussion-1. "Karma-kandam of Vedam...
To be continued  ...."



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Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

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A Mahavakyam is a scriptuaral declaration…