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MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-2. Mantram-10. { Instructions on transfer of this Supreme Wisdom}.




MUNDAKOPANISHAD
    CHAPTER-3.
    SECTION-2.
   Mantram-10. { Instructions  on  transfer  of  this  Supreme  Wisdom}.

"Tad-etad-rcabhyuktam-

kriyavantah  srotriya  brahma-nishtah

svayam  juhvata  ekarsim  sraddha-yantah,

tesham-evaitam  brahma-vidyam  vadeta

siro-vratam  vidhivad  yaistu  cirnam."

tat  =  that;

etat  =  this;

rca  =  by  one  RK  ( a  vedik  mantram );

abhyuktam  =  explained;

kriyavantah  =  who  perform  rituals;

srotriyah  =  who  read   and  study  the  Veda-s;

brahma-nishtah  =  who  pursue  the  meditation  upon  Brahmam;

svayam  =  by  oneself;

juhvate  =  offer  oblation  to  the  fire;

ekarsim  =  the  sacificial  fire  called  'ekarsi';

sraddha-yantah  =  with  faith;

tesham  =  to  them;

eva  =  alone;

etam  =  this;

brahma-vidyam  =  knowledge  of  Brahmam;

vedeta  =  should  tell;

siro-vratam  =  Sirovrata  ( a vow  of  carrying  fire  on  the  head );

vidhivat  =  according  to  rules;

yaih  =  by  whom;

tu  =  and;

cirnam  =  observed,  performed.


'This  very  doctrine  has  been  explained  in  a  Veda  mantram  ( Rca )  as  follows' : -

"To  them  alone,  let  one  teach  this  knowledge  of  Brahmam,  who  perform  rituals,  who  read  and  study  the  Veda-s,  who  pursue  the  meditaions  upon  Brahmam,  who  possess  faith  and  offer  oblations  themselves  to  the  fire  called  Ekarsi;  and  who  have  observed  strictly  the  Sirovrta."

Next : Discussion-1. "Karma-kandam of Vedam...
To be continued  ...."



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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

The individual-Self is the Universal-Self.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-3, Discussion- 1.

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-3

*****************************
Jagarita-sthano  bahih  prajnah  saptanga

ekona-vimsati-mukhah  sthula-bhuk

vaisvanarah  prathamah  padah.

*****************************


Jagarita-sthano  :  one whose field is waking state;

bahih  prajnah   :  who is conscious of the external;

sapta  angah  :  has seven limbs;

ekona  vimsati  mukhah  :  has nineteen mouths;

sthula-bhuk  :  experiencer of  gross objects;

vaisvanarah   :  (is)  vaisvanara;

prathamah  :  first;

padah  ;  quarter.

********************************************

*
The first quarter (pada)  is Vaisvanara whose sphere of activity is the waking state, who is conscious of the external world of objects, who has seven limbs and ninteen mouths, and who enjoys the gross objects of the world.

*  
Discussion-1.

The unit of life is experience and experience consists of three main factors : -

1. the experiencer,

2. the experienced,

3.…