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MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-2. Mantram-10. { Instructions on transfer of this Supreme Wisdom}.




MUNDAKOPANISHAD
    CHAPTER-3.
    SECTION-2.
   Mantram-10. { Instructions  on  transfer  of  this  Supreme  Wisdom}.

Discussion-15. "Summation....."

A  modern  translator  makes  an  intelligent  guess  that  this  may  be  a  reference  to  the  Sannyasa  ceremony  and  his  guess  seems  to  have  another  support  in  the  suggestive  meaning  of  the  very  name  of  the  Upanishad   ---  Mundaka,  which  indicates  the  shaving  of  the  head.*

This  too  is  gross  and  ugly  meaning  read  into  a  beautifully  scientific  statement  of  the  Rishi-s.

Thus,  to  all  those  who  have  the  above  mentioned  six  great  qualifications,  : -

1. Kriyavantah - one  who  performs  Rituals,

2. Srotriyah - one  who  well-versed  in  the  Upanishadik  literature,

3. Brahmanishta - one  who  pursue  the  meditation  upon  the  'Brahmam',

4. Sraddhayanta - one  who  possess  faith,

5. Svayam  juhvata - one  who  offers  oblations  himself,

6. Sirovrata - one  who  has  a  vow  of  carrying  fire  on  the  head  ( intellectual  quest,  this  intellect-on-fire ),

this  Upanishad  is  an  ideal  text-book  to  indicate  to  him  the  goal  of  life,  meaning  of  the  struggle  and  strifes  of  our  present   life  and  the  way  by  which  this  great  goal  can  be  achieved  by  every  one  of  us.

* Mundaka  has,  therefore,  been  named  as  the  "Shaving  Upanishad  or  the  Upanishad  of  the  Tonsured."

The End. ( Discussion  on Mantram-10. )

Next : Mantram-11. { Conclusion of  this  Upanishad }
To be continued  ...



          

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-1, Discussion- 6.

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD
Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 1.

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

Naturally, it is clear that the great Master is wanting the student to understand that AUM is BRAHMAM.

AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

08/02/2017

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

The individual-Self is the Universal-Self.

And hence the Sruti says, "This Atma is BRAHMAM."

This oft-quoted declaration is considered to be major text ( Mahavakyam ) by the Vedantik-seekers.

A Mahavakyam is a scriptuaral declaration…