MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-1, Discussion-4.
( The Scriptural Treatise )
"Harih Aum, Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam sarvam
tasyopa-vyakhyanam bhutam bhavad-bhavisyad iti
sarvam-onkara eva, yac-canyat-trikalatitam
Harih Aum = symbol of para Brahmam;
Aum iti = Omkara ( iti ) thus;
etat aksharam = this syllable;
idam sarvam = ( is ) all this;
tasya = of that ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam = a clear exposition;
bhutam = the past;
bhavat = the present;
bhavishyat = ( and ) the future;
iti = thus ( belonging to );
sarvam = all this;
Omkara eva = ( is ) Omkara only;
yat = that which is;
ca = and;
anyat = anything else;
trikala atitam = beyond ( the three periods of ) time;
tat = that;
api = also;
Omkarah = ( is ) Omkara;
eva = only.
"Harih Aum, Aum, the word, is all this. A clear explanation of it is ( the following )" : -
"All that is past, present, and future, verily is Aum. That which is beyond the three periods of time is also, indeed, Aum."
Thus a typical student almost always reached the Master's feet having lived full and well, intelligently and sincerely, with a heart that is soaked with the appetite to live vitally and fully.
He comes to ask the Master to the effect : -
1. "Is there not, Oh! Master, a greater mission in life than eating and drinking, growing and dying, earning and spending, planning and willing, hoping and losing?
2. Is life only a continuous story of disappointments?
3. Is it a pilgrimage from the womb to tomb, jogging along the ruts of sorrow and smiles?
4. Is there no liberation possible out of the soul-killing sense of finitude and from the burning cauldron of death and destruction?
5. Is there a greater world of ampler possibilities ... a nobler field of unbroken peace and joy ... an enduring living through nobler achievements"?
It is such a disciple that the Master, in the maturity of the mutual understanding gained in a few years,on one afternoon, calls to his side and starts expounding the great Upanishad.
To be continued ....