MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-1, Discussion-4.



( The Scriptural Treatise )


"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;

Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;

etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;

idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;

tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );

upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;

bhutam  =  the  past;

bhavat  =  the  present;

bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;

iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );

sarvam  =  all  this;

Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;

yat  =  that  which  is;

ca  =  and;

anyat  =  anything  else;

trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;

tat  =  that;

api  =  also;

Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;

eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that  is  past,  present,  and  future,  verily  is  Aum.  That  which  is  beyond  the  three  periods  of  time  is  also,  indeed,  Aum."


Thus a typical student almost always reached the Master's  feet having  lived  full and well, intelligently and sincerely, with a heart that is soaked with the appetite to live vitally and fully.

He comes to ask the Master to the effect  : - 

1. "Is there not, Oh! Master, a greater mission in life than eating and drinking, growing and dying, earning and spending, planning and willing, hoping and losing?

2. Is life only a continuous story of disappointments?

3. Is it a pilgrimage from the womb to tomb, jogging along the ruts of sorrow and smiles?

4. Is there no liberation possible out of the soul-killing sense of finitude and from the burning cauldron of  death and destruction?

5. Is there a greater world of ampler possibilities ... a nobler field of unbroken peace and joy  ...  an enduring living through nobler achievements"? 

It is such a disciple that the Master, in the maturity of the mutual understanding gained in a few years,

on one afternoon, calls to his side and starts expounding the great Upanishad.

To be continued  ....