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ISAVASYA UPANISHAD : - Mantram -3.







ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :

or  


VAJASANEYI    SAMHITA    UPANISHAD


Mantram-3.


Discussion-5. "Swami Sankaracharya's interpretations  .....


The  men  of  wisdom,  in  the  scriptures,  forecast  that  such  people  who  are  "Slayers  of  their  Souls",  will  go  to  the  "Sun-less
worlds",  'when  they  leave  their  bodies  (  pretya )'.



Swami  Sri  Adi  Sankaracharya,  however,  has  his  own  'orthodax'  interpretation.

Swamiji  wants  to  point  out  that  mere  rituals  without  knowledge  will  bring  the  individual  only  to  the  Heaven,  the  abode  of  the  'Suras'  ( Gods ).

Without  the  knowledge  of  the  Self  ( Atma )  even  these  worlds  of  the  Suras  are  only  the  worlds  of  'Asuras',  full  of  sorrow.

When  compared  with  Absolute  Bliss  in  the  Self,  they  are  indeed,  a  "A-Surya  worlds".



"Blindening  darkness  (  andhena  tamasa  )"  -  Again,  this  also  brings  out  the  contrast.

Here.  in  ignorance,  we  live  now  at  least   in  'visible'  darkness.

There,  in  the  Heaven,  due  to  the  extreme  enjoyments  freely  available  for  the  longer  periods  of  time,  it  may  be  considered  as  living  in  'blindening  darkness'.

Next : Discussion-6. 'theory  of  incarnation'  ...  'ego-centric equipment' ...  at  the  moment  of  death  ...

To be continued  ....    
 
 

   

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
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sarvam - all;

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ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-3

*****************************
Jagarita-sthano  bahih  prajnah  saptanga

ekona-vimsati-mukhah  sthula-bhuk

vaisvanarah  prathamah  padah.

*****************************


Jagarita-sthano  :  one whose field is waking state;

bahih  prajnah   :  who is conscious of the external;

sapta  angah  :  has seven limbs;

ekona  vimsati  mukhah  :  has nineteen mouths;

sthula-bhuk  :  experiencer of  gross objects;

vaisvanarah   :  (is)  vaisvanara;

prathamah  :  first;

padah  ;  quarter.

********************************************

*
The first quarter (pada)  is Vaisvanara whose sphere of activity is the waking state, who is conscious of the external world of objects, who has seven limbs and ninteen mouths, and who enjoys the gross objects of the world.

*  
Discussion-1.

The unit of life is experience and experience consists of three main factors : -

1. the experiencer,

2. the experienced,

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