ISAVASYA UPANISHAD : - Mantram - 4.
ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :
VAJASANEYI SAMHITA UPANISHAD
Aneja-dekam manaso javiyo nainad-deva apnuvan-purva-marsat,
tad-dhavato-nyana-tyeti tisthat tasmin-napo matarisva dadhati.
anejat = unmoving;
ekam = one;
manasah = than the mind;
javiyah = swifter;
na = not;
enat = this;
devah = gods ( here meaning senses );
apnuvan = reached, overtake;
purvam = before;
atsat = ran;
tat = it;
dhavatah = running;
anyan = others;
atyeti = overtakes;
tisthat = staying;
tasmin = in it;
apah = activities ( literally meaning water, -- here figuratively used for action );
matarisva = wind;
dadhati = supports or allots.
(4) "The Self ( Atma ) is the motionless one, swifter than the mind. The devas ( senses ) could not overtake; it ( Self ) ran before them ( senses ). Sitting, ( staying motionless ) It goes faster than those who run after it. By It, 'Matarisva' ( the element Air ) supports the activity of all living beings ( providing 'Oxygen' for respiration, ie life )."
Discussion-1. From this mantram onwards we have, in four continuous mantra-s, the description of the Supreme indicated in terms of Its qualities --- and these mantra-s together is one vakya, representing the fourth wave-of-thought.
Though the Eternal has no quality of Its own, since the language can explain only in terms of gunas or experiences, the qualities of the Self are indicated here, which are not to be taken literally.
Certainly, it is a futile attempt to try to explain the "Infinite" in terms of a finite language.
The inability of the language to express the "Inexpressible" is found enlarged and clearly expressed in the very language in which the 'Upanishad' is trying to explain the "Self ( Atma )" in these four mantra-s ( 4,5,6,7. )
Next : Discussion-2. "The Atma or the Self is motionless " .....
To be continued ....