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ISAVASYA UPANISHAD : - Mantram - 5.








ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :

or


VAJASANEYI    SAMHITA    UPANISHAD


Mantram : 5.



Tadejati  tannaijati  tad  dure  tadvantike


tadan-tarasya  sarvasya  tadu  sarva-syasya  bahyatah.



tat  =  if;

ejati  =  moves;

tat  =  if;

na  =  not;

ejati  =  moves;

tat  =  if;

dure  =  far;

tat  =  if;

u  =  verily;

antike  =  near;

tat  =  if;

antah  =  inside;

asya  =  of  this;

sarvasya  =  of  all;

asya  =  this;

bahyatah  =  outside.



"The Atma  'moves'  and  It  'moves  not';  It  is  'far'  and  It  is  'near';  It  is  'inside' ( within) all  this,  and  It  is  also  'outside'  all  this."


Discussion-1. The idea  of  the  last mantram-(4)  is  repeated  here  to  make  it  more  elaborately  clear.

As  I  said  earlier,  the  attempt  of  the  Master  is  only  to  make  his  students  understand  the  vital  fact  that  the  Supreme  Consciousness  is  'all-pervading.'

It  is  to  introduce  us  to  the  entire  significance  of  the  term  'all-pervading' and  to  facilitate  us  in  experiencing  the  pregnant  import  of  the  term,  that  the  teacher  is  repeatedly  giving  different  phrases  to  convey  the  same  idea.

Next : Discussion-2. "It  moves"...'ghost' ....,'post' .....'ghost-vision' .... "That  moves  not" .........

To be continued  ...






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Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

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Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

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A Mahavakyam is a scriptuaral declaration…