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MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM-6. { Glory of Truth }



MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

Mantram-6. { Glory  of  Truth }

Discussion-2. "Devayanah  and  truthfulness" .......

     
The  extra  importance  is  given  to  truthfulness  because  the  Sruti  declares  that  not  only  is  truth  the  goal  and  truthfulness  the  path,  but  the  very  path  is  laid  with  "Slabs"   of  truthfulness!!!

A  consistent   way   of  living, on  the  values  of  intellectual  truthfulness,  says  "Sri  Swami  Sankaracharya,"   widens  the  path  and  makes  it  an  easy  grant-trunk  road  to  spiritual  success.

Devayanah  : - ( last  word  of  second  line  of  mantram )

This  term  may  be  taken  to  be,  in  the  most  general  sense,  a  life  of  intelligent  spiritual  striving.
 
The  path  divine  runs  through  truthfulness  and  is  laid  by  the  concrete  acts  of  truthfulness.

Technically  however,  'devayanah' is  the  path  which  stands  in  contrast  with  other  technical  name  given  to  the  other  path  by  which  the  ego-centres  pass  after  death,  the  "pitryanah"  or  the  path  of  the  "Manas."

The  path  of  "Hope"  is  the  special  path  by  which  those  who  are  entitled  to  gradual  liberation  go  after  death;  and  'Pitryanah'   is  that  which  the  meritorious  souls  go,  and  they  will  again  rebornafter  a  short  sojourn  in  the  joyous  world  of  the  Manas.

Next : Discussion-3. "Aptakamah" ( third  line  last  word  in  the  mantram ).....

To be continued  ....

   


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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

Naturally, it is clear that the great Master is wanting the student to understand that AUM is BRAHMAM.

AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

The individual-Self is the Universal-Self.

And hence the Sruti says, "This Atma is BRAHMAM."

This oft-quoted declaration is considered to be major text ( Mahavakyam ) by the Vedantik-seekers.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-3, Discussion- 1.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-3

*****************************
Jagarita-sthano  bahih  prajnah  saptanga

ekona-vimsati-mukhah  sthula-bhuk

vaisvanarah  prathamah  padah.

*****************************


Jagarita-sthano  :  one whose field is waking state;

bahih  prajnah   :  who is conscious of the external;

sapta  angah  :  has seven limbs;

ekona  vimsati  mukhah  :  has nineteen mouths;

sthula-bhuk  :  experiencer of  gross objects;

vaisvanarah   :  (is)  vaisvanara;

prathamah  :  first;

padah  ;  quarter.

********************************************

*
The first quarter (pada)  is Vaisvanara whose sphere of activity is the waking state, who is conscious of the external world of objects, who has seven limbs and ninteen mouths, and who enjoys the gross objects of the world.

*  
Discussion-1.

The unit of life is experience and experience consists of three main factors : -

1. the experiencer,

2. the experienced,

3.…