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MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM-8. { Unique means of Self-realisation --- purification of mind. }



MUNDAKOPANISHAD

CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

MANTRAM-8. { Unique  means  of  Self-realisation  ---  purification  of  mind. }

Na  cakshusa  grhyate  napi  vaca

na-anyair-devais-tapasa   karmana  va,

jnana-prasadena   visuddha-sattvah

tatastu  tam  pasyate  nishkalam  dhyaya-manah.


na  =  neither;

cakshusa  =  by  the  eyes;

grhyate  =  perceived;

na  api  =  nor  even;

vaca  =  ( described )  by  words;

na  =  neiter;

anyaih  =  ( by )  others;

devaih  =  by  the  senses;

tapasa  =  by  penances;

karmana  =  by  rituals;

va  =  either;

jnana-prasadena  =  by  understanding;

visuddha-sattvah   =  becomes  calm  and  refined;

tatah  =  then;

tu  =  alone;

tam  =  HIM;

pasyate  =  sees  (  realizes );

nishkalam  =  the  Absolute  ( lit.,  without  parts );

dhyaya-manah  =  in  meditation.


"The  Self  ( Paramatma )  cannot   be  described  by  words,  nor  perceived  by  eyes  or  the  senses,  nor  revealed  by  rituals  and  penance.  When  the  understanding  becomes  calm  and  refined,  then  alone,  in  MEDITATION,  one  "REALIZES  HIM,"  the "ABSOLUTE"  ( LORD / PARAMATMA).

To be continued  .....


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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

Naturally, it is clear that the great Master is wanting the student to understand that AUM is BRAHMAM.

AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

The individual-Self is the Universal-Self.

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-3

*****************************
Jagarita-sthano  bahih  prajnah  saptanga

ekona-vimsati-mukhah  sthula-bhuk

vaisvanarah  prathamah  padah.

*****************************


Jagarita-sthano  :  one whose field is waking state;

bahih  prajnah   :  who is conscious of the external;

sapta  angah  :  has seven limbs;

ekona  vimsati  mukhah  :  has nineteen mouths;

sthula-bhuk  :  experiencer of  gross objects;

vaisvanarah   :  (is)  vaisvanara;

prathamah  :  first;

padah  ;  quarter.

********************************************

*
The first quarter (pada)  is Vaisvanara whose sphere of activity is the waking state, who is conscious of the external world of objects, who has seven limbs and ninteen mouths, and who enjoys the gross objects of the world.

*  
Discussion-1.

The unit of life is experience and experience consists of three main factors : -

1. the experiencer,

2. the experienced,

3.…