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Mundakopanishad : Lineage of teachers : Mantram-1.





Mundaka-Upanishad :


Chapter-1,

Section-1,

Mantram-s-1,2. Lineage  of  teachers :


Mantram-1.



Om  Brahma  devanam  prathamah  sambabhuva

visvasya  karta  bhuvanasya  gopta

sa  brahma-vidyam  sarva-vidya-pratistham

atharvaya  jyestha-putraya  praha.



om  brahma  =  Brahmaji;

devanam  =  of  the  Gods;

prathamah  =  being  the  first;

sambabhuva  =  born;

visvasya  =  of  the  Universe;

karta  =  Creator;

bhuvanasya  =  of  the  world;

gopta  =  protector;

sah  =  He;

brahma-vidyam  =  knowledge  of  Reality;

sarva-vidya-pratistham  =  the  knowledge  of  all  knowledges,  the  foundation  of  all  sciences;

atharvaya  =  to  Atharva;

jyestha-putraya  =  to  his  eldest  son;

praha  =  said ( gave out ).


"Of  the  Gods,  Brahmaji,  the  Creator  and  the  protector  of  the  Universe,  was  self-born  fitst.  He  gave  out  the  knowledge  of  all  knowledges,  the  foundation  for  all  sciences,  to  his  own  eldest  son  Atharva."  

Next : Discussion-1. "about Brahmaji" ...

To be continued


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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
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sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

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ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-3

*****************************
Jagarita-sthano  bahih  prajnah  saptanga

ekona-vimsati-mukhah  sthula-bhuk

vaisvanarah  prathamah  padah.

*****************************


Jagarita-sthano  :  one whose field is waking state;

bahih  prajnah   :  who is conscious of the external;

sapta  angah  :  has seven limbs;

ekona  vimsati  mukhah  :  has nineteen mouths;

sthula-bhuk  :  experiencer of  gross objects;

vaisvanarah   :  (is)  vaisvanara;

prathamah  :  first;

padah  ;  quarter.

********************************************

*
The first quarter (pada)  is Vaisvanara whose sphere of activity is the waking state, who is conscious of the external world of objects, who has seven limbs and ninteen mouths, and who enjoys the gross objects of the world.

*  
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