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Mundakopanishad : Lineage of teachers : Mantram-1.





Mundaka-Upanishad :


Chapter-1,

Section-1,

Mantram-s-1,2. Lineage  of  teachers :


Mantram-1.



Om  Brahma  devanam  prathamah  sambabhuva

visvasya  karta  bhuvanasya  gopta

sa  brahma-vidyam  sarva-vidya-pratistham

atharvaya  jyestha-putraya  praha.



om  brahma  =  Brahmaji;

devanam  =  of  the  Gods;

prathamah  =  being  the  first;

sambabhuva  =  born;

visvasya  =  of  the  Universe;

karta  =  Creator;

bhuvanasya  =  of  the  world;

gopta  =  protector;

sah  =  He;

brahma-vidyam  =  knowledge  of  Reality;

sarva-vidya-pratistham  =  the  knowledge  of  all  knowledges,  the  foundation  of  all  sciences;

atharvaya  =  to  Atharva;

jyestha-putraya  =  to  his  eldest  son;

praha  =  said ( gave out ).


"Of  the  Gods,  Brahmaji,  the  Creator  and  the  protector  of  the  Universe,  was  self-born  fitst.  He  gave  out  the  knowledge  of  all  knowledges,  the  foundation  for  all  sciences,  to  his  own  eldest  son  Atharva."  

Next : Discussion-1. "about Brahmaji" ...

To be continued


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Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

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sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

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Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

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Discussion-7.

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