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Mundakopanishad : Lineage of teachers : Mantram-1.







Mundaka-Upanishad :


Chapter-1,


Section-1,


Mantram-s-1,2. Lineage  of  teachers :


Mantram-1.


Discussion-1. "about Brahmaji" ...


In  Samskrtam,  the  word  "Brahma"  is  used  both  in  the  masculine  and  in  the  neuter  genders.

In  the  masculine  usage,  it  means  that  the  deity  in  the  Trinity,  who  is  the  Creator  of  the  worlds  of  names  and  forms.

When  the  word  is  used  in  the  neuter  gender,  as  "Brahmam."

It  means  the  "Supreme  Reality"  out  of  which  everything  came  out  including  "Brahmaji" himself.  

Here  Sruti  says  that  when  the  very  Creator  manifested  out  of  the  "Pure  Consciousness"  as  a  specific  creative  urge,  it  was  not  the  birth  of  an  individual  who  is  the  product  of  the  male  and  female  seeds.



Bramaji  is  not  a  product  of  sperm  and  ovum,  but  He  is  Self-born ( Svayambhu)  :

He  is  a  manifestation  of  the  creative  urge  in  the  Reality.

He,  it  is  said,  was  the b first  to  give  out  the  great  Knowledge  of  "Brahma Vidya"  to  his  son,  Atharva.

A  father  can  never  consciously  deceive  his  own  son  by  giving  him  a  knowledge  that  is  false  and  stupid.

However  cruel  we  may  be,  none  of  us  would  dare  to  advise  our  own  child  that  "fire  is  cold  to  the  touch!"



Next : Discussion-2. "about  Brahma-Vidya" .....

To be continued   ....
     


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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

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ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-3

*****************************
Jagarita-sthano  bahih  prajnah  saptanga

ekona-vimsati-mukhah  sthula-bhuk

vaisvanarah  prathamah  padah.

*****************************


Jagarita-sthano  :  one whose field is waking state;

bahih  prajnah   :  who is conscious of the external;

sapta  angah  :  has seven limbs;

ekona  vimsati  mukhah  :  has nineteen mouths;

sthula-bhuk  :  experiencer of  gross objects;

vaisvanarah   :  (is)  vaisvanara;

prathamah  :  first;

padah  ;  quarter.

********************************************

*
The first quarter (pada)  is Vaisvanara whose sphere of activity is the waking state, who is conscious of the external world of objects, who has seven limbs and ninteen mouths, and who enjoys the gross objects of the world.

*  
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