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Mundakopanishad : Santi Mantram ( Peace Invocation ) -9.





Mundaka-Upanishad :


Santi Mantram :


Discussion-5. "Ivocations to (the Nature) Indra, Vayu (wind), Surya ( Sun) etc .....


Again,  not  only  they  ( Rishi-s  and  people of  Ancient  Bharatham)  lived  in  a  spirit  of  complete  renunciation  and  acted  on  the  principle  of  Universal  love,  but  that  perfect  generation,  perfect  in  every  sense  of  the  term,  was  never  blind  to  the  necessities  of  the  physical  and  the  material  world.


They  never  complained  of  life.


With  an  appetite,  they  wooed  life  and  were  ever  impatient  in  their  thirst  for  more  of  it :

This  is  evident  from  their  prayers,  that  the  Lord  of  the  Universe  must  bless  them  to  live  "the  enire  span  of  life  allotted"  to
them   in  all  health  and  perfect  vitality.



Their  invocations  to  Indra,  Vayu,  Surya etc.....,  make  us  remember  that  "Rama  and  Krishna ...and  other  Gods  worship  came  to  much  later  age.

They  were  deities  that  were  sanctioned  in  the  "Puranik  times.

In  the  'Vedik  period,  the  Masters  knew  only  five  Great  Elements  and  such  other  manifestations  to  be  the  Divine  personalities, the "Devatha-s."



They  are  invoked  here  by  both  Guru  and  the  Sishya.



Next : Discussion-6. No  peace-invocation  concludes  without  thrice  repeating  or  invoking  "Santhi".

To be continued   ...  


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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

Naturally, it is clear that the great Master is wanting the student to understand that AUM is BRAHMAM.

AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

The individual-Self is the Universal-Self.

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This oft-quoted declaration is considered to be major text ( Mahavakyam ) by the Vedantik-seekers.

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-3

*****************************
Jagarita-sthano  bahih  prajnah  saptanga

ekona-vimsati-mukhah  sthula-bhuk

vaisvanarah  prathamah  padah.

*****************************


Jagarita-sthano  :  one whose field is waking state;

bahih  prajnah   :  who is conscious of the external;

sapta  angah  :  has seven limbs;

ekona  vimsati  mukhah  :  has nineteen mouths;

sthula-bhuk  :  experiencer of  gross objects;

vaisvanarah   :  (is)  vaisvanara;

prathamah  :  first;

padah  ;  quarter.

********************************************

*
The first quarter (pada)  is Vaisvanara whose sphere of activity is the waking state, who is conscious of the external world of objects, who has seven limbs and ninteen mouths, and who enjoys the gross objects of the world.

*  
Discussion-1.

The unit of life is experience and experience consists of three main factors : -

1. the experiencer,

2. the experienced,

3.…