ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :
VAJASANEYI SAMHITA UPANISHAD
Discussion-2. "Vidya and Avidya"......
In the earlier mantra-s it has already been said that 'Vidya and Avidya' are not mutually contradictory or conflicting ideas, each a sure death-knell to the other, and they are not to be mixed indiscriminately into a rough synthesis.
It has been said that they are complementary to each other, and that they are to be undertaken in an intelligent sequence.
First, action ( Avidya ) as dictated by our desires, in order to bring us out of inertia
( tamas ) into an active mentality of sprightly enthusiasm ( rajas ), and, thereafter, through a pursuit of desireless activity, one can gain purification of one's mind and intellect which is a preparation for meditation.
Later on, through steady and diligent meditation, the seeker gains the fulfilment of knowledge ( Vidya ).
This same idea being described here using another set of words to represent "Vidya and Avidya".
Next : Discussion-3. "Asambhuti" ( Unmanifest ) .... "Sambhuti" ( Manifest ) .....
To be continued ...'