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ISAVASYA UPANISHAD : Mantram : 14.







ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :

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VAJASANEYI    SAMHITA    UPANISHAD



Mantram-14.



Sambhutim  ca  vinasam  ca  yastad  vedo-bhayagm  saha,


vinasena  mrtyum  tirtva  sambhutya-mrtam-asnute.




sambhutim  =  impersonal  godhead;

ca  =  and;

vinasam  =  personal  god;

ca  =  and;

yah  who;

tat  =  that;

veda  =  knows;

ubhayagm  =  both;

saha  =  together;

vinasena  =  by  Personal  God;

mrtyum  =  death;

tirtva  =  crossing;

sambhutya  =  by  Impersonal  Gd;

amrtam  =  immortality;

asnute  =  enjoys,  obtains.



( 14) . "He  who  worships  the  Impersonal  Godhead  and  the  Personal  God  together,  overcomes  death  through  the  worship  of  the  Personal  and  obtains  immortality  through  the  worship  of  the  Impersonal."



Here  Swami  Sri  Adi  Sankaracharya, takes  'Sambhuti' to  mean  the  "primordial  matter"
( Mahat tattvam )  which  we  may  call  as  "Prakrti  or  Nature,"   which  is  not  in  its  expression  as  an  effect  but  as  the  very  cause  for  the  entire  manifested  'Prakrti.'


By  the  term  'asambhuti',  Swamiji  understands  as  the  'Karya'  ( effects ),  the
"Saguna  Brahmam,"   the  conditional  Reality.

We  need  not  go  into  the  philosophical  hair-splitting  and  exhaust  ourselves  at  present.  



Just as  in  the  last  mantram  of  the  earlier  triplet  (9,10,11),  we  can  also  say  that  here  the  same  ideas  are  expressed,  only  with  the  terms  changed.

Instead  of  'Vidya  and  Avidya,'  here  we  have  the " personal  and  impersonal" God  used.


 This  particular  mantram  under  discussion  certainly  implies  the  meaning  already  expressed  in  the  earlier  mantram  and,  over  and  above  it,  it  has  got  its  own  pregnant  extra  suggestion.

To be continued  ...




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Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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Chapter-1.

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( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

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A Mahavakyam is a scriptuaral declaration…