ISAVASYA UPANISHAD : Mantram : 14.
ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :
VAJASANEYI SAMHITA UPANISHAD
Sambhutim ca vinasam ca yastad vedo-bhayagm saha,
vinasena mrtyum tirtva sambhutya-mrtam-asnute.
sambhutim = impersonal godhead;
ca = and;
vinasam = personal god;
ca = and;
tat = that;
veda = knows;
ubhayagm = both;
saha = together;
vinasena = by Personal God;
mrtyum = death;
tirtva = crossing;
sambhutya = by Impersonal Gd;
amrtam = immortality;
asnute = enjoys, obtains.
( 14) . "He who worships the Impersonal Godhead and the Personal God together, overcomes death through the worship of the Personal and obtains immortality through the worship of the Impersonal."
Here Swami Sri Adi Sankaracharya, takes 'Sambhuti' to mean the "primordial matter"
( Mahat tattvam ) which we may call as "Prakrti or Nature," which is not in its expression as an effect but as the very cause for the entire manifested 'Prakrti.'
By the term 'asambhuti', Swamiji understands as the 'Karya' ( effects ), the
"Saguna Brahmam," the conditional Reality.
We need not go into the philosophical hair-splitting and exhaust ourselves at present.
Just as in the last mantram of the earlier triplet (9,10,11), we can also say that here the same ideas are expressed, only with the terms changed.
Instead of 'Vidya and Avidya,' here we have the " personal and impersonal" God used.
This particular mantram under discussion certainly implies the meaning already expressed in the earlier mantram and, over and above it, it has got its own pregnant extra suggestion.
To be continued ...