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ISAVASYA UPANISHAD : Mantram : 15.







ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :

or


VAJASANEYI    SAMHITA    UPANISHAD



Mantram-15.



Hiranmayena  patrena  satya-syapi-hitam  mukham,



tattvam  pusanna-pavrnu  satya-dharmaya  drstaye.



hiranmayena  =  golden;

patrena  =  by  the  vessel (  means  lid );

satyasya  =  of  truth;

apihitam  =  covered;

mukham  =  face;

tat  =  that;

tvam  =  you;

pusan  =  O Sun;

apavrnu  =  do  open;

satya-dharmaya  =  the  practitioner  of  truth;

drstaye  =  for  beholding.



( 15 ). " The face  of  Truth  is  covered  by  a  golden  lid;

remove,  O  Sun,  that ( covering  )  for  me,  the  practitioner  of  Truth,  so  that  I  may  behold  It."



Discussion-1. On  the  face  of  it,  this  is  a  prayer  raised  to  Lord  Sun  invoking  his  grace  and  blessing  so  that  the  seeker  may  have  the  strength  to  remove  the  golden  veil  that  hides  the  vision  of  Truth.


And  this  is  the  prayer  of  the  dying  personality  on  its  death-bed  ---  the  meditation-seat.


It  is  interesting  to  note  that  there  are  two  recensions  for  this  Upanishad  :  the  Kanva  and  Madhyandina.

According  to  the  latter  this  is  the  last  Mantram,  while  the  Upanishad,  as  it  stands,  full  with  its  18  mantram-s,  is  acceptable  in  the  Kanva reading.


This  need  not  be  considered  as  a  confusion,  because  this  mantram  onward,  till  the  end,  it  is  the  Prayer  ---  and  thus  these  can  be  considered  altogether  as  one  wave-of-thought ( vakya ).

Discussion-1. continued next ....

        

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

Naturally, it is clear that the great Master is wanting the student to understand that AUM is BRAHMAM.

AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

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This oft-quoted declaration is considered to be major text ( Mahavakyam ) by the Vedantik-seekers.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-3, Discussion- 1.

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-3

*****************************
Jagarita-sthano  bahih  prajnah  saptanga

ekona-vimsati-mukhah  sthula-bhuk

vaisvanarah  prathamah  padah.

*****************************


Jagarita-sthano  :  one whose field is waking state;

bahih  prajnah   :  who is conscious of the external;

sapta  angah  :  has seven limbs;

ekona  vimsati  mukhah  :  has nineteen mouths;

sthula-bhuk  :  experiencer of  gross objects;

vaisvanarah   :  (is)  vaisvanara;

prathamah  :  first;

padah  ;  quarter.

********************************************

*
The first quarter (pada)  is Vaisvanara whose sphere of activity is the waking state, who is conscious of the external world of objects, who has seven limbs and ninteen mouths, and who enjoys the gross objects of the world.

*  
Discussion-1.

The unit of life is experience and experience consists of three main factors : -

1. the experiencer,

2. the experienced,

3.…