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Mundakopanishad : " Explanation about the higher Knowledge " Mantram-6.





Mundaka-Upanishad


Chapter-1,


Section-1,


Mantram-6. ( Explanation  about  the  higher  Knowledge )



Yat  tad-adresyam-agrahyam-agotram-avarnam,

acakshuh  srotram  tad-apani-padam,

Nityam  vibhum  sarvagatam  susukshmam  tad-avyayam

yad  bhuta-yonim  pari-pasyanti  dhirah.



yat  =  which;

tat  =  that;

adresyam  =  invisible;

agrahyama  =  ungraspable;

agotram  =  un-originated;

avarnam  =  attributeless;

acakshuh  srotram  =  that  which  has  neither  eyes  nor  ears  ( dvoid  of  senses );

tat  =  that;

apani  padam  =  ( which  has )  nither  hands  nor  legs;

nityam  =eternal;

vibhum  =  full  of  manifestations,  of  manifold  expressions;

sarvagatam  =  all-pervading;

susukshmam  =  subtlest  of  the  subtle;

tat  =  that;

avyayam  =  imperishable  ( Being );

yat  =  which;

bhuta  yonim  =  thesource  of  all  creation;

paripasyanti  =  behold  everywhere,  perceive;

dhirah  =  the  wise.



"That  which  is  invisible,  ungraspable,  unoriginated  and  attributeless,  that  which  has  neither  eyes  nor  ears  nor  hands  nor  legs  --  that  is  Eternal,  full  of  manifestations,  All-pervading,  Subtlest  of  the  subtle  --  that  imperishable  Being  is what  the  wise  perceive  as  the  source  of  all  creation."

Next Discussion-1.

To be continued   ....


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Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

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Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

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A Mahavakyam is a scriptuaral declaration…