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Mundakopanishad : Lineage of teachers : Mantram-2.






Mundaka-Upanishad :


Chapter-1,


Section-1,


Mantram-s-1,2. Lineage  of  teachers :


Mantram-2.



Atharvane  yam  pravadeta  brahma-tharva

tam  purova-cangire  brahma-vidyam

sa  bharadvajaya  satyavahaya

praha  bharadvajo-ngirase  paravaram.





atharvane  =  to  Atharva;

yam  =  which;

pravadeta  =  taught;

Brahma  =  Brahmaji;

atharva  =  Atharva;

tam  =  that;

pura  =  in  ancient  days;

uvaca  =  said;

angire  =  to  Angi;

brahma-vidyam  =  to  Knowledge  of  Reality;

sah  =m  He;

bharadvajaya  =  of  Bharadvaja  family;

satyavahaya  =  to  Satyavaha;

praha  =  said;

bharadvajah  =  Bharadvaja  (one  born  in  Bharadvaja  family  clan);

angirase  =  to  Angira;

para-varam  =  from  greater  to  lesser  (Guru  to  Sishya/ Master  to  Disciple).




"The  very  knowledge  which  Brahmaji  taught  to  Atharva,  he  taught  it  to  Angi  in  ancient  days :

and  he  taught  it  to  Rishi  Satyavaha  ---  of  the  Bharadvaja  clan  and  Satyavaha  taught  it  to  Anigira  ---

the  knowledge  was  so  handed  down  from  the  greater  ( Teacher )  to  the  lesser   ( Student )."


Next : Discussion - 1. "they  ( Rishi-s )  never  dared  to  claim  the  knowledge  as  their  own"  ......

To be continued  ...



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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD
Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

Naturally, it is clear that the great Master is wanting the student to understand that AUM is BRAHMAM.

AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

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Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

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A Mahavakyam is a scriptuaral declaration…