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Mundakopanishad : "Answer by Rishi 'Angira' ( to 'Saunaka' ) : 'Knowledge is of two types'. " -Mantram-4.






Mundaka-Upanishad


Chapter-1,


Section-1,


Mantram-4. "Answer  by  Rishi 'Angira'  ( to  'Saunaka' ) : 'Knowledge  is  of  two  types'.  "


Tasmai  sa  hovaca  ---

dve  vidye  veditavye  iti  ha  sma  yad

Brahma-vido  vadanti,  para  caivapara  ca.


tasmai  =  to  him  ( Sishya Saunaka);

sah  =  He ( Guru Rishi Angira );

ha  uvaca  =  said;

dve  =  two;

vidye  =  knowledges;

veditavye  =  to  be  aqiured;

iti  =  that;

ha  tat  =  which;

brahmavidah  =  those  who  know  'Brahmam'  (the  great  seersof  Upanishads);

vadanti  sma  =  usually  say;

para  =  higher;

ca  =  and;

eva  =  also;

apara  =  lower;

ca  =  also.


" To  him ( Saunaka)  Angria Maharishi  said :  'There  are  two  knids  of  knowledge  to  be  aquired,  namely,  Apara  and  Para ---
lower  and  higher.  So  say  those  ( the  great  seers  of  the  Upanishads)  who  know  'Brahmam' ."


Next : Discussion -1.

To be continued   ....


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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

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The individual-Self is the Universal-Self.

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-3

*****************************
Jagarita-sthano  bahih  prajnah  saptanga

ekona-vimsati-mukhah  sthula-bhuk

vaisvanarah  prathamah  padah.

*****************************


Jagarita-sthano  :  one whose field is waking state;

bahih  prajnah   :  who is conscious of the external;

sapta  angah  :  has seven limbs;

ekona  vimsati  mukhah  :  has nineteen mouths;

sthula-bhuk  :  experiencer of  gross objects;

vaisvanarah   :  (is)  vaisvanara;

prathamah  :  first;

padah  ;  quarter.

********************************************

*
The first quarter (pada)  is Vaisvanara whose sphere of activity is the waking state, who is conscious of the external world of objects, who has seven limbs and ninteen mouths, and who enjoys the gross objects of the world.

*  
Discussion-1.

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1. the experiencer,

2. the experienced,

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