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MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM-3. { Annihilation of sorrow through God realization Continued ... }





Guruvayur ( Thrissur Dist, Kerala ) Sri Krishna Temple.


MUNDAKA  UPANISHAD


 CHAPTER-3.


SECTION-1.


MANTRAM-3. { Annihilation  of  sorrow  through  God  realization  Continued  .....}


Yada  pasyah  pasyaye  rukma-varnam

kartaram-isam  purusham  brahma-yonim,

tada  vidvan  punya-pape  vidhuya

niranjanah  paramam  samyam-upaiti.



yada  =  when;

pasyah  =  seer;

pasyate  =  realizes;

rukma-varnam  =   { literature meaning -- of  the  golden  colour }  self-effulgent;

kartaram  =  the  maker;

isam  =  the  Lord,  the  ruler;

purusham  =  the  Supreme  Being;

brahma-yonim  =  { literature  meaning -- progenitor  of  Brahmas }  source  of  the  Creator;

tada  =  then;

vidvan  =  the  wise  one;

punya-pape  =  all  deeds  of  merits  and  demerits;

vidhuya  =  shaking  off;

niranjanah  =  stainless;

paramam  =  the  Supreme;

samyam  =  state  of  equipoise;

upaiti  =  attains.



"When  the  seer  realizes  the  self-effulgent  Supreme  Being  --the  ruler,  maker  and  source  of  the  Creator  even  --- then  that  wise  one,  shaking  off  all  deeds  of  merits  and  demerits,  becomes  stainless,  and  attains  the  Supreme  status  of  Equipoise."


Next : Discussion-1. "Discovering  the  Reality  behind  the  unreal ......."

To be continued  ....



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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD
Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

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This oft-quoted declaration is considered to be major text ( Mahavakyam ) by the Vedantik-seekers.

A Mahavakyam is a scriptuaral declaration…