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MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM-3. { Annihilation of sorrow through God realization Continued ... }


Chennai Thiruvallikeni Parthasarathy temple

MUNDAKA  UPANISHAD

 CHAPTER-3.

SECTION-1.

MANTRAM-3. { Annihilation  of  sorrow  through  God  realization  Continued  .....}

Discussion-4. "dvija ---  the  twice-born  or  brahmana  ......."


Such  a  one,  in  his  realization  of  his  own  Supreme  dignity,  no  more  hopes  or  craves  to  gain  merits  or  dares  to  get  himself  upset  by  the  soul-killing  fears  of  demerits  or  sins.

The  sins  or  demerits  are  all  qualities  of  the  mind;  they  are  the  toys  of  man  in  his  evolutionary  childhood.

When  he  grows  up  and  grows  beyond  the  second  womb-existence  as  an  ego,  he  throws  off  these  ego-shells ( mind  and  intellect )  and  comes  out  to  the  realization  that  he  is  the  All-pervading  Pure  Awareness.

"Such  one  alone  is  the  dvija  ----  the  twice - born  or  brahmana." 

1. The  first  birth  of  a  God  is  in  the  form  of  a  man  from  his  own  mother's  womb,  but  the  growth  is  not  complete  and  the  cycle  is  not  full,

2.  until  the  man  grows  in  the  warmth  of  his  own  intellectual  discrimination  and  meditates  in  peace  till,  out  of  the  limited  confines  of  his  own  mind-intellect-egg,  he  has  to  hatch  himself  to  come  out  to  be  the  true  GOD-MAN. ( Second-birth ).

Discussion on Mantram-3. ENDS.

Next : Mantram-4. { Supreme  knower  of  Brahmam }

To be continued  ....

 

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-1, Discussion- 6.

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD
Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 1.

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

Naturally, it is clear that the great Master is wanting the student to understand that AUM is BRAHMAM.

AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

The individual-Self is the Universal-Self.

And hence the Sruti says, "This Atma is BRAHMAM."

This oft-quoted declaration is considered to be major text ( Mahavakyam ) by the Vedantik-seekers.

A Mahavakyam is a scriptuaral declaration…