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Mundakopanishad : CHAPTER-2. SECTION-2. MANTRAM- 10. { All illuminating nature of Brahmam }



Mundakopanishad :

CHAPTER-2.

SECTION-2.

MANTRAM- 10. { All  illuminating  nature  of  Brahmam }  


Na  tatra  suryo bhati  na  candra - tarakam

nema  vidyuto  bhanti  kuto - yam - agnih,

tameva  bhantam - anubhati  sarvam

tasya  bhasa  sarva -  midam  vibhati.


na  =  neither;

tatra  =  there;

suryah  =  sun;

bhati  =  shines;

na  =  nor;

candra  =  the  moon;

tarakam  =  the  stars;

na  =  not;

imah  =  these;

vidyutah  =  lightenings;

bhanti  =  shines;

kutah  =  how;

{ tat  prakasayet  =  would  illumine  that };

ayam  =  this;

agnih  =  fire;

tam  =  Him;

eva  =  verily;

bhantam  =  who  shines;

anubhati  =  shines  after;

sarvam  =  all;

tasya  =  His;

bhasa  =  by  light,  reflection;

sarvam  =  all;

idam  =  this  world;

vibhati  =  is  illuminated.


"There  the  sun  does  not  shine,  nor  the  moon  nor  the  stars;  these  lightenings  also  do  not  shine  ---  how  then  ( can )  this  earthly  fire?   Verily,  everything  shines  after  Him  ( the  Supreme )  reflecting  His  ( Lord's )  glory.  This  whole  world  is  illuminated  with  His  ( God's )
light." **

** This  mantram  also  appears  in  Katha  Upanishad  ( 2.5.15 )  and  Svetasvatara  Upanishad  (4.14.).

Discussion-1.  No  ritualism  of  a  Hindu ( Bharatiya  Sanatana dharma ) is  concluded  without  chanting  at least  once  this  mantra  of  our  Scripture.

Next : Discussion-2. " Arati" "Camphor  flame" at  the  end  of  a  Puja  ( ritualism ) ...

To be continued  ...


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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

Naturally, it is clear that the great Master is wanting the student to understand that AUM is BRAHMAM.

AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

The individual-Self is the Universal-Self.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-3, Discussion- 1.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-3

*****************************
Jagarita-sthano  bahih  prajnah  saptanga

ekona-vimsati-mukhah  sthula-bhuk

vaisvanarah  prathamah  padah.

*****************************


Jagarita-sthano  :  one whose field is waking state;

bahih  prajnah   :  who is conscious of the external;

sapta  angah  :  has seven limbs;

ekona  vimsati  mukhah  :  has nineteen mouths;

sthula-bhuk  :  experiencer of  gross objects;

vaisvanarah   :  (is)  vaisvanara;

prathamah  :  first;

padah  ;  quarter.

********************************************

*
The first quarter (pada)  is Vaisvanara whose sphere of activity is the waking state, who is conscious of the external world of objects, who has seven limbs and ninteen mouths, and who enjoys the gross objects of the world.

*  
Discussion-1.

The unit of life is experience and experience consists of three main factors : -

1. the experiencer,

2. the experienced,

3.…