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MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM-1. { Another method of pointing to 'Brahmam' ---- two birds staying on the same tree. }




MUNDAKA  UPANISHAD


 CHAPTER-3.


SECTION-1.


MANTRAM-1. { Another  method  of  pointing  to 'Brahmam'  ----   two  birds  staying  on  the  same  tree.  }


Dvau  suparna  sanuja  sakhaya

samanam  vrksham   parisasvajate,

tayor  anyah  pippalam  svadv-atty-

anasnan  anyo  abhicakasiti.


dvau  =  two;

suparna  =  birds;

sayuja  =  closely  united;

sakhaya  =  in  friendship;

samanam  =  the  self  -  same;

vrksham  =  tree;

parisasvajate  =  perch  on;

tayoh  =  among  the  two;

anyah  =  one;

pippalam  =  fruit;

svadu  =  with  relish;

atti  =  eats;

anasnan  =  without  eating;

anyah  =  the  other;

abhicakasiti  =  ( just )  looks  on.


"Two  birds  bound  to  each  other  in  close  friendship,  perch  on  the  self - same  tree.  One  of  them  eats  the  fruits  of  the  tree  with  relish,  while  the  other  ( just  )  looks  on,  without  eating."


Discussion-1.  Introduction.


This  is  one  of  the  famous  mantra-s  in  the  entire  Upanishad,  and  at  the  same  ime  it  is  most  controversial.

It  is  controversial,  because,  very  few  pandita-s  actually  understand  the  exact  significance  of  the  term  "Jivatma"  and  "Paramatma."

This  famous  metaphor  of  the  two  birds  sitting  upon  the  self-same  tree,  one  eating  and  the  other  only  witnessing,  is  one  of  the  beat  examples  where  philosophy  has  married  poetry  to  bring  out  a  child  of  perfection  in  this  Statement!!

Next : Discussion-2. "about  two  birds   ......."

To be continued  ....



        

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Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

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sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

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Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
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bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
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hi - indded;

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Discussion-1.

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( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

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ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

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