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MUNDAKOPANISHAD : CHAPTER-3. SECTION-1. MANTRAM-1. { Another method of pointing to 'Brahmam' ---- two birds staying on the same tree. }




MUNDAKA  UPANISHAD


 CHAPTER-3.


SECTION-1.


MANTRAM-1. { Another  method  of  pointing  to 'Brahmam'  ----   two  birds  staying  on  the  same  tree.  }


Dvau  suparna  sanuja  sakhaya

samanam  vrksham   parisasvajate,

tayor  anyah  pippalam  svadv-atty-

anasnan  anyo  abhicakasiti.


dvau  =  two;

suparna  =  birds;

sayuja  =  closely  united;

sakhaya  =  in  friendship;

samanam  =  the  self  -  same;

vrksham  =  tree;

parisasvajate  =  perch  on;

tayoh  =  among  the  two;

anyah  =  one;

pippalam  =  fruit;

svadu  =  with  relish;

atti  =  eats;

anasnan  =  without  eating;

anyah  =  the  other;

abhicakasiti  =  ( just )  looks  on.


"Two  birds  bound  to  each  other  in  close  friendship,  perch  on  the  self - same  tree.  One  of  them  eats  the  fruits  of  the  tree  with  relish,  while  the  other  ( just  )  looks  on,  without  eating."


Discussion-1.  Introduction.


This  is  one  of  the  famous  mantra-s  in  the  entire  Upanishad,  and  at  the  same  ime  it  is  most  controversial.

It  is  controversial,  because,  very  few  pandita-s  actually  understand  the  exact  significance  of  the  term  "Jivatma"  and  "Paramatma."

This  famous  metaphor  of  the  two  birds  sitting  upon  the  self-same  tree,  one  eating  and  the  other  only  witnessing,  is  one  of  the  beat  examples  where  philosophy  has  married  poetry  to  bring  out  a  child  of  perfection  in  this  Statement!!

Next : Discussion-2. "about  two  birds   ......."

To be continued  ....



        

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
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sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

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ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-3

*****************************
Jagarita-sthano  bahih  prajnah  saptanga

ekona-vimsati-mukhah  sthula-bhuk

vaisvanarah  prathamah  padah.

*****************************


Jagarita-sthano  :  one whose field is waking state;

bahih  prajnah   :  who is conscious of the external;

sapta  angah  :  has seven limbs;

ekona  vimsati  mukhah  :  has nineteen mouths;

sthula-bhuk  :  experiencer of  gross objects;

vaisvanarah   :  (is)  vaisvanara;

prathamah  :  first;

padah  ;  quarter.

********************************************

*
The first quarter (pada)  is Vaisvanara whose sphere of activity is the waking state, who is conscious of the external world of objects, who has seven limbs and ninteen mouths, and who enjoys the gross objects of the world.

*  
Discussion-1.

The unit of life is experience and experience consists of three main factors : -

1. the experiencer,

2. the experienced,

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