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Mundakopanishad : CHAPTER-2. SECTION-2. MANTRAM- 10. { All illuminating nature of Brahmam }




Mundakopanishad :

CHAPTER-2.

SECTION-2.

MANTRAM- 10. { All  illuminating  nature  of  Brahmam

Discussion-4. "moon  and  stars,  earthly  fire,  ....the  whole  process  of  knowing"


If  not  the  sun,  probably,  the  moon  or  the  stars  may  have  some  illumination;  even  this  is  denied  by  the  Sruti.

And  this  is  but  natural;  when  even  the  sun  dies  not  shine  how  can  lesser  light  or  the  borrowed  light  of  the  sun  shine  at  all ?

Again,  if  to  the  Lord;  hence  the  question  here,  " How  could  then  this  earthly  fire? "


Though,  here  the  Sruti  has  taken  examples  of  objects,  luminous  in  the  physical  sense,  the  statement  is  applicable  to  " the  whole  process  of  knowing."

All  objects  become  available  for  our  knowledge  when  we  live  by  the  light  of  the  "ATMA".

When  once  the  "Life-centre" has  rolled  out  of  an  individual  body,  that  individual  can  no  longer  gain  any  more  knowledge  of  the  outer  world  of  objects  or  the  inner  world  of  feelings  and  thoughts.

END.

Next : Mantram-11. { All - pervasiveness  of  Brahmam.}

To be continued  ...


     

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

Naturally, it is clear that the great Master is wanting the student to understand that AUM is BRAHMAM.

AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

The individual-Self is the Universal-Self.

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-3

*****************************
Jagarita-sthano  bahih  prajnah  saptanga

ekona-vimsati-mukhah  sthula-bhuk

vaisvanarah  prathamah  padah.

*****************************


Jagarita-sthano  :  one whose field is waking state;

bahih  prajnah   :  who is conscious of the external;

sapta  angah  :  has seven limbs;

ekona  vimsati  mukhah  :  has nineteen mouths;

sthula-bhuk  :  experiencer of  gross objects;

vaisvanarah   :  (is)  vaisvanara;

prathamah  :  first;

padah  ;  quarter.

********************************************

*
The first quarter (pada)  is Vaisvanara whose sphere of activity is the waking state, who is conscious of the external world of objects, who has seven limbs and ninteen mouths, and who enjoys the gross objects of the world.

*  
Discussion-1.

The unit of life is experience and experience consists of three main factors : -

1. the experiencer,

2. the experienced,

3.…