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Mundakopanishad : CHAPTER-2. SECTION-2. MANTRAM-6. { Method of contemplation on Brahmam with the help of Pranavam ( Aum / OM ) }


Mundakopanishad :

 CHAPTER-2.

SECTION-2.

MANTRAM-6. { Method of contemplation on Brahmam with the help of Pranavam ( Aum / OM ) }


Ara  iva  ratha-nabhau  samhata  yatra  nadyah

sa  esho-ntas-carate  bahudha  jaya-manah,

Om-ityevam  dhyayatha  atmanam

svasti  vah  paraya  tamasah  parastat.


arah  =  spokes;

iva  =  like;

ratha-nabhau  =  in  the  hub  of  a  chariot  wheel;

samhata  =  meet;

yatra  =  where;

nadyah  =  nerves;

sah  =  He;

eshah  =  this;

atma  =  the  Atma ( Self );

antah - carate  =  dwells ( lit. moves  in  the  heart );

bahudha  =  in  many  ways;

jaya -  manah  =  becoming  manifold;

om  iti  =as  'Om';

evam  =  thus;

dhyayatha  =  you  meditate;

atmanam  =  on  the  Self;

svasti  =  blessings,  godspeed;

vah  =  to  you;

paraya  = (  in  crossing  to  the ) farther  shores;

tamasah  =  of  the  darkness;

parastat  =  beyond.



"Where  all  the  nerves  meet  like  the  spokes  of  a  chariot  wheel  in  the  hub,  there  within  the  heart  He  ( Chaithanyam ) moves,  becoming  manifold.

Meditate  on  that  Self  as  Om.

Godspeed  to  you  in  crossing  to  the  farther  shores  beyond  darkness."

Next : Discussion-1. "Hub ... center  of  the  love-heart  .....He .... subtle nerves"

To be continued  ....


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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD
Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

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This oft-quoted declaration is considered to be major text ( Mahavakyam ) by the Vedantik-seekers.

A Mahavakyam is a scriptuaral declaration…