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Mundakopanishad : CHAPTER-2. SECTION-2. MANTRAM- 11. { All - pervasiveness of Brahmam.}





Mundakopanishad :

CHAPTER-2.

SECTION-2.

Mantram-11. { All - pervasiveness  of  Brahmam.}

Brahmai-vedam-amrtam   purastad  brahma

pascad  brahma  dakshinatas-cottarena

adhas-cordhvam  ca  prasrtam

brahmai-vedam  visva-midam  varishtham.

Iti  mundakopanishadi  dvitiya-mundake  dvitiyah  khandah.


brahma  =  Brahmam;

eva  =  verily;

idam  =  this;

amrtam  =  immortal;

purastat  =  in  front;

brahma  =  Brahmam;

pascat  =  at  the  back;

brahma  =  Brahmam;

dakshinatah  =  on  the  right;

ca  =  and;

uttarena  =  on  the  left;

adhah  =  below;

ca  =  and;

urdhvam  =  above;

ca  =  and;

prasrtam  =  everywhere;

brahma  =  Brahmam;

eva  =  verily;

idam  =  this;

visvam  =  the  world;

idam  =  this  ( is );

varishtham  =  the  Supreme.

"Verily,  all  this  is  the  Immortal  Brahmam.  He  is  EVERYWHERE ----  above,  below,  in  front,  at  the  back,  on  the  right,  on  the  left.  All  this  world  is  indeed  the  Supreme  BRAHMAM."


Discussion-

Concluding  the  section,  the  'mother  Sruti' here  says  in  her  inimitable  language  that  the  ultimate  cause  for  this  world  of  objects,  feelings  and  thoughts,  is  the  BRAHMA  alone.  

In  a  mud-pot,  mud  is  on  the  top,  mud  is  below,  again  is  on  the  right  and  mud  is  on  the  left.

In  short,  the  pot  is  nothing  but  mud;  from  mud  it  came,  in  mud  it  stays,  into  mud  it  goes  back  on  being  destroyed.

Mud  is  the  cause  and  its  effect. 

The  pot  can  be  nothing  but  mud.

Similarly,  here,  Brahmam,  the  cause  of  the  world,  is  said  to  be  the  all-pervading,  homogeneous  TRUTH  in  all  the  perceived  things  of  the  world.

END  OF  CHAPTER-2. -SECTION-.2.

NEXT : CHAPTER-3. -SECTION-1.  

To be continued  ....
   
   

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD
Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

Naturally, it is clear that the great Master is wanting the student to understand that AUM is BRAHMAM.

AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

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This oft-quoted declaration is considered to be major text ( Mahavakyam ) by the Vedantik-seekers.

A Mahavakyam is a scriptuaral declaration…