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Mundakopanishad : " Explanation about the higher Knowledge " Mantram-6.





Mundaka-Upanishad

Chapter-1,

Section-1,

Mantram-6. ( Explanation  about  the  higher  Knowledge )


Discussion-10. "Guru Rishi Angira  and  disciple Saunaka" ....



When  'Rishi  Angira'  thus  defined  the  Supreme  in  the  above  exhaustive  and  supra-mental  definition,  surely,  'Saunaka',  the  disciple,  must  have  got  more  than  confused  and  confounded!

Under  the  very  weight  of  significance  of  the  statement,  the  poor  disciple,  must  have  felt  himself  crushed!

There  must  have  been  an  expression  of  disbelief  and  confusion  of  his  own  sense  of  hopelessness  spreading  on  his  face.

As  though  to  reassure  his  disciple  that  this  Eternal  Factor  is  realizable  by  every  trained  and  prepared  intellect,  the  kind  Rishi  explains  positively  that  every  pure  intellect  made  sensitive  for  the  purpose  can  discover  this  Reality.

The  word  used  here  "pari-pasyanti" is  not  merely  a  'sudden  vision' or  a  'hasty  glance' but  a  thorough,  intimate,  personal,  subjective  experience  'Whole.'

And  with  this  discovery,  the  mantram  states,  "the  discoverer  discovers  the  Supreme  as  the  source  of  all  the  finite  world  of  names  and  forms."

Next  : Discussion-11. "Bhuta Yoni"  significance of  this  term.....(see first  part  of  the  .last   line  of  the  mantram)

To be continued  ...

           

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

Naturally, it is clear that the great Master is wanting the student to understand that AUM is BRAHMAM.

AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

The individual-Self is the Universal-Self.

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-3

*****************************
Jagarita-sthano  bahih  prajnah  saptanga

ekona-vimsati-mukhah  sthula-bhuk

vaisvanarah  prathamah  padah.

*****************************


Jagarita-sthano  :  one whose field is waking state;

bahih  prajnah   :  who is conscious of the external;

sapta  angah  :  has seven limbs;

ekona  vimsati  mukhah  :  has nineteen mouths;

sthula-bhuk  :  experiencer of  gross objects;

vaisvanarah   :  (is)  vaisvanara;

prathamah  :  first;

padah  ;  quarter.

********************************************

*
The first quarter (pada)  is Vaisvanara whose sphere of activity is the waking state, who is conscious of the external world of objects, who has seven limbs and ninteen mouths, and who enjoys the gross objects of the world.

*  
Discussion-1.

The unit of life is experience and experience consists of three main factors : -

1. the experiencer,

2. the experienced,

3.…