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Mundakopanishad : "Summing up" Mantram-9.





Mundaka-Upanishad


Chapter-1,


Section-1,


Mantra-9. ( "Summing  up" )


"Yah  sarvajnah  sarva-vid  yasya  jnana-mayam  tapah


tasmad-etad  brahma  nama  rupam-annam  ca  jayate."



Iti  Mundakopanishadi  prathama-mundake  prathamah  khandah



yah  =  he,  who;

sarvajnah  =  all-knowing,  aware  of  all;

sarva-vid  =  all-wise,  knower  of  all;

yasya  =  whose;

jnana-mayam  =  full  of  knowledge;

tapah  =  austerity,  concentrated  thought;

tasmat  =  from  that;

etat  =  these;

brahma  =  Brahma,  the  Creator  ( Hiranyagarbha );

nama  =  names;

rupam  =  forms;

annam  =  nourishment;

ca  =  also;

jayate  =  is  produced.


"From  the  'Brahmam'  ( the  Supreme  Reality )  ---  who   not  only  is  aware  of  the  total  happenings  in  the  world  but  is  equally  in  the  know  of  all  the  details  of  happenings  every  minute,  whose  very  thought  is  of  nature  of  knowledge,  ---  are  all  these  produced :  the  Creator,  names  and  forms,  and  nourishment  for  all."


Discussion-1. With  this  mantram,  the  first  section  of  the  first  Chapter  of  the  Mundakopanishad  is  completed.

Naturally,  Sruti  is  trying  to  summarise  the  entire  chapter  in  a  pregnant  statement,  at  once  brief  and  beautiful.

Next : Discussion-2. "two  expressions,  "Sarvajnah  and  Sarvavid" ------

To be continued  ...    

 




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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD
Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

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sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

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Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

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