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Mundakopanishad : ( A look at the rituals ).Mantram-1.






Mundaka-Upanishad


Chapter-1.


Section-2. ( Rituals )


Mantram-1. ( A  look  at  the  rituals ).



Tad-etat  satyam  mantresu  karmani  kavayo

yany-apasyam-stani  tretayam  bahudha  santatani

tanya-caratha  niyatam  satyakama

esa  vah  panthah  sukrtasya  loke.



tat  =  that;

etat  =  this;

satyam  =  true;

mantresu  =  in  the  mantra-s;

karmani  =  karma-s,  deeds  ( ritualistic );

kavayah  =  seers;

yani  =  which;

apasyam  =  saw,  practised;

tani  =  those;

tretayam  =  in  the  treta  yugam;***

bahudha  =  much;

santatani  =  continued;

tani  =  those;

acaratha  =  saw,  practise;

niyatam  =  always;

satyakamah  =  with  a  desire  for  the  true  results  of  karmam;

esah  =  this;

vah  =  your;

panthah  =  way;

sukrtasya  =  fruits  of  karmam;

loke  =  to  the  world.




"The  various  Karma-s  which  seers  found  in  the  mantra-s  are  true  and  were  much  practised  in  the  Treta-age  ( or  in  the  three  Veda-s );  practise  them  always  with  a  desire  for  the  true  results.  This  is  your  way  for  attaining  to  the  worlds  of  the  fruits  of  Karmam."

Note : *** One  of  the  four  yugams,  i.e,  Cycles  of  Universe  viz.  1. Satya,  2.  Treta,  3. Dvapara,  4.  Kali  yugam  ----At  present  we  are  living  in  Kali-yugam  ,  appx  Kali -  completed 5000 years.

 Next : Discussion-1. "Re-cap  of  last  section......"

To be continued   ....




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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD
Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

Naturally, it is clear that the great Master is wanting the student to understand that AUM is BRAHMAM.

AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

The individual-Self is the Universal-Self.

And hence the Sruti says, "This Atma is BRAHMAM."

This oft-quoted declaration is considered to be major text ( Mahavakyam ) by the Vedantik-seekers.

A Mahavakyam is a scriptuaral declaration…