Upanishads : " The Cream of Vedas"
Vedanta ( Veda +anta i.e; the end of Vedas ) as the literal meaning connotes comprises the philosophical portion of Vedas, called the Upanishads.
Of about 280 Upanishads unearthed so far, 108 have been accepted as authorised texts , and out of them have been commented upon by great Acharyas lika Sri Sankaracharya , Sri Ramanjacharya, Sri Madhavacharya and thus are classified as major.
Mundakopanishad : "Summing up" Mantram-9.
Mantra-9. ( "Summing up" )
Discussion-3. "the idea in the mantram" .......
We have already dealt with the theory of the Sruti that the Supreme Reality through a process of brooding invoked the "creative power" that was already there and swelling with
excitement and the joy of Creation, started the game of Creation in Himsemf, by projecting a dream-world Himself, out of the very substance of Himself!!
Hence the idea in the mantram : "Out of this total Creative Urge are created, the Creator, the names and forms, and the nourishment ( the energy to sustain the lifeless life of the projected world ) to maintain them."
In Samskrtam it is an idiom, especially in its scriptural use, to use "name and form" which means our modern term "individuality."
( The Scriptural Treatise )
"Harih Aum, Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam sarvam
tasyopa-vyakhyanam bhutam bhavad-bhavisyad iti
sarvam-onkara eva, yac-canyat-trikalatitam
Harih Aum = symbol of para Brahmam;
Aum iti = Omkara ( iti ) thus;
etat aksharam = this syllable;
idam sarvam = ( is ) all this;
tasya = of that ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam = a clear exposition;
bhutam = the past;
bhavat = the present;
bhavishyat = ( and ) the future;
iti = thus ( belonging to );
sarvam = all this;
Omkara eva = ( is ) Omkara only;
yat = that which is;
ca = and;
anyat = anything else;
trikala atitam = beyond ( the three periods of ) time;
tat = that;
api = also;
Omkarah = ( is ) Omkara;
eva = only.
"Harih Aum, Aum, the word, is all this. A clear explanation of it is ( the following )" : -
Mantram - 11. [ What men with knowledge ( Upasana ) attain ].
Discussion-2. " Surya dvarena ( the path/orb of the Sun ) ... third line of the mantram....."
Though the orb ( path ) of the Sun ( Surya dvarena ) :
The route taken by the subte body after death in the world are of two kinds :
1. the Moon - path and 2. the Sun - path.
The Sun - path is called is called "Uttarayanam" and the Moon - path the "Dakshinayanam."
It is the theory of Vedantam that those who merely perform 'Karma-s,' on departing from here ( after - death )take to the southern path i.e, "Dakshinayanam" to live in the "Pitrulokam" ( World of his ancestors ); and enjoying there for an interval, the come back
( to this world ).