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ISAVASYA UPANISHAD : Mantram : 10.






ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :

or


VAJASANEYI    SAMHITA    UPANISHAD




Mantram : 10.



Anyad-evahur-vidyaya   anya-dahur-avidyaya,


iti  susruma  dhiranam  ye  nastad  vica-caksire.



anyat  =  different;

eva  =  definitely;

ahuh  =  ( they)  say;

vidyaya  =  by  vidya;

anyat  =  different;

ahuh  =  (they)  say;

avidyaya  =  by  avidya;

iti  =  thus;

susruma  =  (we)  have  heard;

dhiranam  =  of  the  wise;

ye  =  who;

nah  =  to  us;

tat  =  that;

vicacaksire  =  explained.



(10). "One  thing,  they  say,  is  verily  obtained  from  'Vidya'  another  thing  they  say  from  'Avidya';  thus,  we  have  heard  from  the  wise  who  explained  that  to  us."



Discussion - 1.  Having  said  in  general  what  he  has  to  say  about  'vidya' and  'avidya',  not  only  in  accordance  with  the  popular  belief  of  the  time  but  also  which  can  claim  no  doubt,  a  crude  Sastric  support,  the  great  Rishi  is  trying  to  elaborate  the  idea  and  give  it  a   new  touch  of  orientation  and  revolutionary  re-statement.


In  doing  so,  he,  too,  has  to  quote  his  authority.


Thus  we  find  in  this  mantram  a  statement  in  which  the  Rishi  declares  that  the  popular  notion  is  not  all  the  truth.

Rishi  says  the  results  of  vidya  and  avidya  are  different  from  each  other  and  they  are  not  to  be  construed  in  terms  of  the  known  general  belief.

Each  of  them  serves  a  definite  purpose.

Next : Discussion - 2. "heard  from  the  wise  who  explained  that  to  us".......

To be continued  ....

       

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"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
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sarvam - all;

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etat -this;

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ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

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"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

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In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

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*****************************
Jagarita-sthano  bahih  prajnah  saptanga

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*****************************


Jagarita-sthano  :  one whose field is waking state;

bahih  prajnah   :  who is conscious of the external;

sapta  angah  :  has seven limbs;

ekona  vimsati  mukhah  :  has nineteen mouths;

sthula-bhuk  :  experiencer of  gross objects;

vaisvanarah   :  (is)  vaisvanara;

prathamah  :  first;

padah  ;  quarter.

********************************************

*
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*  
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