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ISAVASYA UPANISHAD : Mantram : 8.








ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :

or


VAJASANEYI    SAMHITA    UPANISHAD


Mantram : 8.


Discussion-2. "the  significance  of  Samskrtam  language ...."the term  paryagat".... "Akayam"...


In  Samskrtam  when  adjectives  are  used,  unlike  other  languages  in  the  world,  it  is  done  with  a  particular  eye  on  giving  us  a  deep  significance  in  the  very  order  in  which  the  wualifications  are  grouped.

Here  also,  we  have  the  same  technique  used  by  the  Rishi-s.



The  word  "paryagat"  means  'gone  abroard  or  went  round.'

Thus,  the  Mantram  opens  with  an  idea  that  the  Self  ( Atma )   went   out  to  spread  itself  everywhere ----  together  it  means  that  the  Self  is  all-pervading;  It  extends  beyond  all  limitations.


The  next  expression  "sukram"   declares  the  Self  to  be  bright  in  the  sense  that  it  is  the  very  light-giving-principle  in  our  intelligence.



"Akayam"  ( bodiless)  ---  Self  or  pure  Life  is  indicated  here  by  saying  that  it  is  bodiless.

Here  it  means  that  it  has  no  connection  with  the  'Matter'  envelopments,  in  general  constituted  of  the  five  great  sheaths,  as  explained  and  pointed  out  by  us  in  our  introductory  parts.

It  is  no  more  a  prisoner  in  the  body;  all  Its  identifications   have  ended  for  ever.

Next : Discussion-3. "Scatheless " and  without  muscles"  .....

To be continued  ...


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Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

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