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ISAVASYA UPANISHAD : Mantram : 8.







ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :

or


VAJASANEYI    SAMHITA    UPANISHAD


Mantram : 8.


Discussion-8.Terms in  the  mantram ..."Sukram, ..A-kayam, .. ..A-vranam ,  ... A--snaviragm,  ...Suddham,  ... and  A-papaviddham"  ........


After  indicating  thus  the  Supreme  Reality  with  terms  negating  that  which  It  is  not,  and  with  terms  positively  directing  our  gaze  to  Its  manifested  glories,  the  Rishi  still  feels  dissatisfied  and  restless,  and  so  continues  the  mantram  'even  though  the  mantram  ended.'


The Rishi muni  seems  to  draw  the  mantram  into  an  ugly  length  because  muni  feels,  as  it  were,  a  fatiguing  dis-satisfaction  that  he  has  not  said  all  that  can  be  said,  nor  has  Rishi  led  the  student to  the  very  portals  of  the  Truth.




The  terms  employed  in  the  first  half  of  the  mantram  such  as  Sukram,  A-kayam,  A-vranam,  A-snaviragm,  Suddham  and  A-papaviddham  ---  can  be  considered  as  adverbs  modifying  'paryagat.'


The  same  set  of  terms  can  also  be  considered  as  referring  to 'Isa',  in  which  case  the  mantram  would  paint  the  idea  of  the  seeker  wholly  becoming  one  with  the  Pure,  Bodiless,
Luminous,  Incorporeal,  Immaculate,  Brahmam,  the  Eternal  Reality.



Thus,  Rishi muni  cries  that  it  is  this  Self  or  Pure  Consciousness  that  is  the  power  and  strength  behind  the  laws  of  all  natural  phenomena.


If  the  movement  of  the  planets,  the  regularity  of  the  seasons,  the  harmony  in  nature,  the rhythm  in  reproduction  are  all  strictly  followed  without  exception  all  round  the  globe  for  millions  of  years  now,  it  is  because  of  unquestionable  authority  behind  the  Law  giver  and  His  LAW.

That  Authority,  might  or  power  belongs  to  the   " SUPREME  REALITY, THE SELF."

Next : Mantram : 9.

To be continued  ...  



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Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

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Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

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A Mahavakyam is a scriptuaral declaration…