ISAVASYA UPANISHAD : Mantram : 9. (Last Part)
ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :
VAJASANEYI SAMHITA UPANISHAD
Mantram : 9.
Discussion - 4. Summation ....
However, the context here would demand that we take 'Vidya' to be the 'higher meditation,'
and 'Avidya' to be 'all sadhanas' that prepare one, by exhausting one's existing vasanas, to have a peaceful mind that can readily be brought to the seat of meditation.
This, we bare not doing to suit our purpose here.
The negative prefix 'A' in Samskrtam can mean either a mere 'negation' and 'assertion,' ***1.
emphasising something similar to but really different from the thing negated.
"Therefore, 'avidya' can mean 'not vidya' but something like 'vidya,' though different from it"
Since in Vedantham it is accepted the selfless service will purify the personality and prepare it for contemplation and meditation, avidya here should be understood as 'selfless dedicated action'.***2.
***1. Known as "Prasamjana Pratishedham".
***2. Sri Madhavacharya has given a strange meaning for these terms.
According to Acharya, the tenth Mantram, "cultivation of the right knowledge of Brahmam"
is 'vidya', and "wrong notions of Brahmam" is 'avidya'.
Thereafter, Acharya goes on to say that those who, having the right knowledge do not condemn the 'wrong notions,' stand to suffer more than those who entertain the 'wrong notions' of Brahmam.
In this mantram ( 9th), avidya for Sri Madhavacharya is 'wrong notions' and in 10th and 11th manra-s avidya is, to Acharya 'condemnation of wrong notions'.
This is queer indeed.
End of discussion on Mantram-9.
Next : Mantram-10.
To be continued .....