ISAVASYA UPANISHAD : Mantram : 9. (Last Part)






ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :

or


VAJASANEYI    SAMHITA    UPANISHAD




Mantram : 9.



 Discussion - 4. Summation  ....


However,  the  context  here  would  demand  that  we  take  'Vidya'  to  be  the  'higher  meditation,'
and  'Avidya'  to  be  'all  sadhanas'  that  prepare  one,  by  exhausting  one's  existing  vasanas,  to  have  a  peaceful  mind  that  can  readily  be  brought  to  the  seat  of  meditation.

This,  we bare  not  doing  to  suit  our  purpose  here.




The  negative  prefix  'A'  in  Samskrtam  can  mean  either  a  mere  'negation' and  'assertion,' ***1.
emphasising  something  similar  to  but  really  different  from  the  thing  negated.

"Therefore,  'avidya'  can  mean  'not  vidya' but  something  like  'vidya,'  though  different  from  it"

Since  in  Vedantham  it  is  accepted   the  selfless  service  will  purify  the  personality  and  prepare  it  for  contemplation  and  meditation,  avidya  here  should  be  understood  as 'selfless  dedicated  action'.***2.


Note :-

***1.  Known  as  "Prasamjana  Pratishedham".

***2.  Sri  Madhavacharya  has  given  a  strange  meaning  for  these  terms.

According  to  Acharya,  the  tenth  Mantram,  "cultivation  of  the  right  knowledge  of  Brahmam"
is  'vidya',  and  "wrong  notions  of  Brahmam"  is  'avidya'.

Thereafter,  Acharya  goes  on  to  say  that  those  who,  having  the  right  knowledge  do  not  condemn  the  'wrong  notions,'  stand  to  suffer  more  than  those  who  entertain  the 'wrong  notions' of  Brahmam.

In  this  mantram ( 9th),  avidya  for  Sri  Madhavacharya  is  'wrong  notions' and  in  10th  and  11th  manra-s  avidya  is,  to  Acharya  'condemnation  of  wrong  notions'.

This  is  queer  indeed.

End of discussion on Mantram-9.

Next : Mantram-10.

To be continued   .....



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