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ISAVASYA UPANISHAD : Mantram : 8.






ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :

or


VAJASANEYI    SAMHITA    UPANISHAD


Mantram : 8.


Discussion-7. continued ... out of   "a  something" ... "self-born"  ....



It  is  not  born  out  of  'a  something,'   but  it  is  ' Self-born.'


In  fact,  philosophically,  the  idea  expressed  in  this  simple-looking  phrase  is  that  the  'Self  is  the  first  cause'  which  is  untouched  by  any  effect  and  that  It  is  not  in  Itself  the  effect  of  'any  cause.'


All  effects  are  perishable,  since  they  are  born.


The  'Self' is  imperishable,'  and  so,  It  must  be  unborn.


And  if  the  intellect  should  ask  for  its  cause,  then  to  answer  it  we  must  say  that  it  is  the  "uncaused  cause"  or  the  "self-born."


Though  this  may  look  as  an  unsatisfactory  explanation  for  the  intellect,  those  who  understand  the  Self  to  be  that  which  is  beyond  the  intellect  can  very  well  come  to  appreciate  this  term  as  echoing  nothing  but  the  ineffectual  fluttering  of  an  exhausted  and  self-foundered  intellect.


Next : Discussion-8.Terms in  the  mantram ..."Sukram, ..A-kayam, .. ..A-vranam ,  ... A--snaviragm,  ...Suddham,  ... and  A-papaviddham"  ........

To be continued  ...


          

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD
Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

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Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

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