ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :
VAJASANEYI SAMHITA UPANISHAD
Mantram : 9.
The terms used by the Rishi-s in defining this problem of outward activity versus inward contemplation are 'Avidya' and 'Vidya.'
These two terms have been so much loosely used in the time of the Rishi-s themselves that, perhaps, the students of that age needed a correct restatement of their philosophical implications.
'Vidya' and 'Avidya' have been used also to connote 'Upasana' ( Vidya ) and 'Krmam' (Avidya).
In that general sense of the term, those who are keeping b themselves engaged exclusively in a field of ritualistic certainly find themselves reaching thicker delusions.
Ritualism ( a mere karmam / activity ) can be undertaken only when the individual is whipped by desire for the fruits thereof.
When the 'yajnas' and 'yagas,' are ritualistic portion of the Veda-s, are performed with an ardent desire for living the joys of greater kingdoms of ampler sensuousness, naturally,
from the absolute standpoint of the Rishi-s, that individual is spiritually falling into
Those who are following the path of 'Upasana' ('Meditation') or introvert life, meditate deeply, seeking nothing but the "All-Pervading Reality," and they seem to fall 'as though into a still greater darkness' because such hasty and unprepared meditators may overdo the negation-aspect of the technique of meditation and reach a destination of blind
non- existence.... "MADNESS" !
In this connection, the term " as though a greater darkness" is very significant; it is not "REALLY DARKNESS".
Next : Discussion-3. "Swami Sri Sankara Bhagavatpada" ( Sri Adi Sankaracharya swami ) and "devata-Jnanam" .....
To be continued ...