Upanishads : " The Cream of Vedas"
Vedanta ( Veda +anta i.e; the end of Vedas ) as the literal meaning connotes comprises the philosophical portion of Vedas, called the Upanishads.
Of about 280 Upanishads unearthed so far, 108 have been accepted as authorised texts , and out of them have been commented upon by great Acharyas lika Sri Sankaracharya , Sri Ramanjacharya, Sri Madhavacharya and thus are classified as major.
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ISAVASYA UPANISHAD : Mantram : 8.
ISAVASYA UPANISHAD :
VAJASANEYI SAMHITA UPANISHAD
Mantram : 8.
Discussion-4. "Self" ..."Not this, not this" ...'Post and ghost' .....
So far Self has been indicated by the Rishi-s in the language of negation :
"Not this, not this."
There are two methods by which we can explain the "Post" to a deluded man, who is suffering under his own delusions, caused by the vision of the "ghost."
He can be shown that the 'ghost ' is a delusion, and he can also positively guided to the recognition of the 'post. '
With the deluded friend of ours, we can only start in the language of negation.
Similarly, here the great Rishi addressing us starts with the language of negation.
Rishi negates all other possibilities of our misunderstanding of the 'Atma.'
Without correct training and guidance, one is apt to consider that the 'Self' is the body or the intellect.
The above expression have, in their very grouping, indicated to the student that the 'Atma' is neither the physical nor the subtle nor the casual body.
"Transcending them all is the Self, Eternal and Perfect."
But, the seeker knows no entity beyond the physical, the subtle, and the casual structures and, therefore, he is apt to misunderstand the Self to be a complete negative idea with no positive qualities of existence in it.
In order to remove the idea that when the "three bodies" are removed, the 'Self,' in its essential nature, would become a zero or a non-entity, and to assert that It is a positive factor with all the dynamic qualities of Life as such, we have here a series of phrases to declare the Eternal nature of the Self.
Jagarita-sthano : one whose field is waking state;
bahih prajnah : who is conscious of the external;
sapta angah : has seven limbs;
ekona vimsati mukhah : has nineteen mouths;
sthula-bhuk : experiencer of gross objects;
vaisvanarah : (is) vaisvanara;
prathamah : first;
padah ; quarter.
The first quarter (pada) is Vaisvanara whose sphere of activity is the waking state, who is conscious of the external world of objects, who has seven limbs and ninteen mouths, and who enjoys the gross objects of the world.
The unit of life is experience and experience consists of three main factors : -