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Mundakopanishad : [ Description of the sad state of knowledge-less ( devoid of Upasana ) rituals ]. Mantram-s. 8 to 10.





Mundaka-Upanishad


Chapter-1.


Section-2. ( Rituals )



Mantram - 8 to 10. [ Description  of  the  sad  state  of  knowledge-less  ( devoid  of  Upasana )  rituals ]


Mantram - 8.


Discussion-3. " But  it  is  not. ".....  to  explain  this  an  example  follows....".  



When  your  child  is  in  the  elementary  classes,  you  have  to  insist  that  child  should  daily  read  and  learn  the  multiplication  table.

But,  when  he  has  come  to  the  standard  of  pure  mathematics,  it  should  be  absurd  if  you  are  to  insist  that  he/she  should  yet  read  and  learn  every  day  the  multiplication  table,  even  during  his  post-graduate  studies!

In  primary  classes,  arithmetic-tables  were  to  him,  certainly  his  Bible,  but  in  the  college-classes,  it  is  redundant,  in  as  much  as,  the  student  by  then  has  amassed  the  knowledge.



Similarly,  rituals  have  an  elementary  purpose,  without  which  nothing  higher  is  possible;

but  to  continue  wasting  the  entire  life  in  mere  ritualism,  would  be  terrible  wastage,  and  hence :

"SRUTI  IS  CRYING  DOWN  SUCH  WASTEFUL  POLICIES,  IN  THE  SPIRITUAL  SADHAKA-S"

Note : Even  Today, Unfortunately  we  are  still  in  the  standard  of  ritualistic  activities,  and  not  rising  above on  our  way  to  higher standards  ( grown  up.).

Mantram -8. ENDS.

Next : Mantram-9.

To be continued  ....  



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"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
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sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

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ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-3

*****************************
Jagarita-sthano  bahih  prajnah  saptanga

ekona-vimsati-mukhah  sthula-bhuk

vaisvanarah  prathamah  padah.

*****************************


Jagarita-sthano  :  one whose field is waking state;

bahih  prajnah   :  who is conscious of the external;

sapta  angah  :  has seven limbs;

ekona  vimsati  mukhah  :  has nineteen mouths;

sthula-bhuk  :  experiencer of  gross objects;

vaisvanarah   :  (is)  vaisvanara;

prathamah  :  first;

padah  ;  quarter.

********************************************

*
The first quarter (pada)  is Vaisvanara whose sphere of activity is the waking state, who is conscious of the external world of objects, who has seven limbs and ninteen mouths, and who enjoys the gross objects of the world.

*  
Discussion-1.

The unit of life is experience and experience consists of three main factors : -

1. the experiencer,

2. the experienced,

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