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Mundakopanishad : [ Description of the sad state of knowledge-less ( devoid of Upasana ) rituals ]. Mantram-s. 8 to 10.






Mundaka-Upanishad


Chapter-1.


Section-2. ( Rituals )



Mantram - 8 to 10. [ Description  of  the  sad  state  of  knowledge-less  ( devoid  of  Upasana )  rituals ]


Mantram-9.




Avidysysm  bahudha  vartamana


vayam  krtartha  ity-abhimanyanti  balah,


yat  karmino  na  pravedayanti  ragat


tena-turah  kshina-lokas  cyavante.



avidyayam  =  in  the  ways  of  the  ignorant;

bahudha  =  many;

vartamanah  =  present  ( being );

vayam  =  we;

krtarthah  =  reached  the  goal;

iti  =  that;

abhimanyanti  =  think;

balah  =  people  of  childish  nature;

yat  =  because;

karminah  =  men  of  actions ( the  sacrifice-rs );

na  =  not;

pravedayanti  =  attain  knowledge;

ragat  =  by  passion  and  attachment;

tena  =  by  that;

aturah  =  dejected,  wretched;

kshina  lokah  =  ( when ) the  fruits  of  their  deeds  are  exhausted;

cyavante  =  ( they )  fall  down.



"Engrossed  in  the  many  ways  of  the  ignorant,  these  people  childishly  think  that  they  have  gained  the  ends  ( goal )  of  life.  But  being  subject  to  passions  and  attachment,  they  never  attain  knowledge,  and,  therefore,  they  fall  down  wretched,  when  the  fruits  of  their  good  deeds  are  exhausted."

Next : Discussion-1. "Sruti  is  not  angry  ........ "

To be continued  ....



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Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

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Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

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