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Mundakopanishad : Chapter-2, Section-1, Mantram-1. { Birth of all beings from "Brahmam" like sparks from fire. }





Mundakopanishad :

Chapter-2.

Section-1.

Mantram-1. { Birth  of  all  beings  from  "Brahmam" like  sparks  from  fire. }



tad-etat  satyam  yatha  sudiptat  pavakad


visphulingah  sahasrasah  prabhavante  sarupah


tatha-ksarad  vividhah  somya  bhavah


prajayante  tatra  caivapi-yanti.



tat  =  that;

etat  =  this;

satyam  =  truth;

yatha  =  as;

sudiptat  =  from  the  flaming;

pavakat  =  ( from )  fire;

visphulingah  =  sparks;

sahasrasah  =  by  thousands;

prabhavante  =  issue  forth,  spring  out;

sarupah  =  of  the  same  form;

tatha  =  as;

aksarat  =  from  the  immortal  ( Bramam );

vividhah  =  various  diverse;

somya  =  beloved  youth;

bhavah  =  jiva-s;

prajayante  =  originate,  are  born;

tatra  =   there;

ca  =  and'

eva  =  verily;

api  =  again;

yanti  =  go  ( find  way  into ).



"This  is  the  truth :  as  from  the  flaming  fire  thousands  of  sparks,  similar  to  its  form   ( nature )  issue  forth;  so  from  the  immortal  ( Brahmam )  O !  my  beloved  youth,  diverse  ( manifold )  beings  ( Jivatma-s )  originate  and  they  find  way  back  into  it."


Discussion-1.  "Recap"...

The  first  chapter  gave  us  a  complete  picture  of  the  "lower  knowledge",  and  "Sruti,"   in  order  to  canvass  a  true  seeker  ----  one  in  whom  the  lower  rituals  have  fulfilled  themselves  ---  to  the  folds  of  a  "higher  knowledge,"  that  even  laughed  at  ritualism.


In  this  chapter,  the  attempt  is  to  paint  for  us  an  idea  of  a  "Supreme  Knowledge" with  its  contents,  functions  and  qualities.

Next : Discussion-2.  "the Supreme"  ...

To  be  continued  ....    





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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD
Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

Naturally, it is clear that the great Master is wanting the student to understand that AUM is BRAHMAM.

AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

08/02/2017

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

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And hence the Sruti says, "This Atma is BRAHMAM."

This oft-quoted declaration is considered to be major text ( Mahavakyam ) by the Vedantik-seekers.

A Mahavakyam is a scriptuaral declaration…