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Mundakopanishad : Chapter-2, Section-1, Mantram-1. { Birth of all beings from "Brahmam" like sparks from fire. }





Mundakopanishad :


Chapter-2.


Section-1.


Mantram-1. { Birth  of  all  beings  from  "Brahmam" like  sparks  from  fire. }


Discussion-3. "the  unprepared  western  readers   ....."


The  unprepared  western  readers  invariably  feel  confused  and  confounded,  when  they  directly  take  up  the  study  of  the  Bharatheeya  ( Hindu ) Scriptures  without  the  aid  of  a  true  Master.

The  opening  mantram of  this  chapter  gives  us  an  example  wherein  an  uninitiated  would  feel  an  ever-lasting  confusion.

In  the  previous  section,  the  "Sruti   asserted"  that  the  ritualistic  part  of  religion  is  the  Truth.



Now,  in  this  chapter,  'Sruti' with  equal  emphasis  is  declaring :

"This  is  the  Truth  ----   the  theme  of  Supreme  Consciousness,  which  lies  beyond  all  the  fields  of  ritualism.

This  kind  of  emphasis,  asserting  at  one  point  that  ritualism  is  the  Supreme  and  within  the  same  Upanishad  asserting  with  equal  emphasis  that  philosophy  is  the  Supreme,  sends  the  Westerner  screaming  mad,  and  throws  up  the  sacred  texts  and  declares,  "Hinduism  is  madness  systematized."


The  educated  Bharatheeya-s  nurtured  and  nourished  these  poisonous  western  criticisms,  also  come  to  repeat  the  same  opinion  with  parrot-like  faithfulness.


Thus,  the  more  educated  a  Bharatheeya  is,  the  less  respect  he  has  for  his  own treasure, i.e,  our  epics, Veda-s, Upanishads  and  so  on.    

Next : Discussion-4.  "Hear  what  Mother  Sruti  tells  us  .....  "

To be continued  .....





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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-1, Discussion- 6.

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD
Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 1.

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

Naturally, it is clear that the great Master is wanting the student to understand that AUM is BRAHMAM.

AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

08/02/2017

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

The individual-Self is the Universal-Self.

And hence the Sruti says, "This Atma is BRAHMAM."

This oft-quoted declaration is considered to be major text ( Mahavakyam ) by the Vedantik-seekers.

A Mahavakyam is a scriptuaral declaration…