Skip to main content

Mundakopanishad : Chapter-2, Section-1, Mantram-4. { Cosmic form of 'Brahmam' - the 'Indweller' of all living beings }


Mundakopanishad :

Chapter-2.

Section-1.

Mantram- 4. { Cosmic  form  of  'Brahmam' - the 'Indweller' of  all  living  beings }


"Agnir - murdha  cakshui  candra - suryau

disah  srotre  vag  vivrtasca  vedah,

vayuh  prano  hrdayam  visva - masya

padbhyam  prthivi  hyesa  sarva - bhutani - ratma."


agnih  =  Fire  ( the  celestial  region  called  Dyuloka );

murdha  =  ( is )  the  head;

cakshusi  =  the  two  eyes;

candra - suryau  =  the  moon  and  the  sun;

disah  =  directions,  quarters  of  the  sky;

srotre  =  the  two  ears;

vak  =  ( His )  speech;

vivrtah  =  declared;

ca  =  and;

vedah  =  veda-s;

vayuh  =  the  air  or  the  wind;

pranah  =  ( His )  breath;

hrdayam  =  (His )  mind;

visvam  =  the  universe;

asya  =  of  this  inner  Self  of  all  beings;

padbhyam  =  from  his  feet;

prthivi  =  the  earth;

( jata  =  originated );

hi  =  indded;

esah  =  He;

sarva - bhutani - antratma  =  the  inner  Self  of  all  beings.


" Fire  ( Agni )  is  his  head;  Sun  and  Moon  =  his  eyes;  four  Quarters  or  Directions  =  his  ears;  the  declared  Veda-s  =  his  speech;  the  Air  =  his  breath; the  Universe  =  his  mind  ( heart );  the  Earth =  originated  from  from  his  feet;  He  is  indded  the  inner  Self  of  all  beings."


Discussion-1.  Continuing  the  analogy  in  the  last  mantram,  there  will  not  be  any  contradiction  if  we  were  to  describe  the  cotton  as  the  sum-total  shape  of  all  patterns  in  the  piece  of  cloth.

Here  in  this  mantram,  we  are  having  a  description  of  the  "cause  in  terms  of  its  effects."

Next : Discussion-2. "Visva  and  Virat ........."

To be continued  ....




Comments

Popular posts from this blog

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 1.

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

Naturally, it is clear that the great Master is wanting the student to understand that AUM is BRAHMAM.

AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

08/02/2017

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

The individual-Self is the Universal-Self.

And hence the Sruti says, "This Atma is BRAHMAM."

This oft-quoted declaration is considered to be major text ( Mahavakyam ) by the Vedantik-seekers.

A Mahavakyam is a scriptuaral declaration…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-3, Discussion- 1.

13/04/2017

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-3

*****************************
Jagarita-sthano  bahih  prajnah  saptanga

ekona-vimsati-mukhah  sthula-bhuk

vaisvanarah  prathamah  padah.

*****************************


Jagarita-sthano  :  one whose field is waking state;

bahih  prajnah   :  who is conscious of the external;

sapta  angah  :  has seven limbs;

ekona  vimsati  mukhah  :  has nineteen mouths;

sthula-bhuk  :  experiencer of  gross objects;

vaisvanarah   :  (is)  vaisvanara;

prathamah  :  first;

padah  ;  quarter.

********************************************

*
The first quarter (pada)  is Vaisvanara whose sphere of activity is the waking state, who is conscious of the external world of objects, who has seven limbs and ninteen mouths, and who enjoys the gross objects of the world.

*  
Discussion-1.

The unit of life is experience and experience consists of three main factors : -

1. the experiencer,

2. the experienced,

3.…