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Mundakopanishad : Chapter-2, Section-1, Mantram-4. { Cosmic form of 'Brahmam' - the 'Indweller' of all living beings }


Mundakopanishad :

Chapter-2.

Section-1.

Mantram- 4. { Cosmic  form  of  'Brahmam' - the 'Indweller' of  all  living  beings }


"Agnir - murdha  cakshui  candra - suryau

disah  srotre  vag  vivrtasca  vedah,

vayuh  prano  hrdayam  visva - masya

padbhyam  prthivi  hyesa  sarva - bhutani - ratma."


agnih  =  Fire  ( the  celestial  region  called  Dyuloka );

murdha  =  ( is )  the  head;

cakshusi  =  the  two  eyes;

candra - suryau  =  the  moon  and  the  sun;

disah  =  directions,  quarters  of  the  sky;

srotre  =  the  two  ears;

vak  =  ( His )  speech;

vivrtah  =  declared;

ca  =  and;

vedah  =  veda-s;

vayuh  =  the  air  or  the  wind;

pranah  =  ( His )  breath;

hrdayam  =  (His )  mind;

visvam  =  the  universe;

asya  =  of  this  inner  Self  of  all  beings;

padbhyam  =  from  his  feet;

prthivi  =  the  earth;

( jata  =  originated );

hi  =  indded;

esah  =  He;

sarva - bhutani - antratma  =  the  inner  Self  of  all  beings.


" Fire  ( Agni )  is  his  head;  Sun  and  Moon  =  his  eyes;  four  Quarters  or  Directions  =  his  ears;  the  declared  Veda-s  =  his  speech;  the  Air  =  his  breath; the  Universe  =  his  mind  ( heart );  the  Earth =  originated  from  from  his  feet;  He  is  indded  the  inner  Self  of  all  beings."


Discussion-1.  Continuing  the  analogy  in  the  last  mantram,  there  will  not  be  any  contradiction  if  we  were  to  describe  the  cotton  as  the  sum-total  shape  of  all  patterns  in  the  piece  of  cloth.

Here  in  this  mantram,  we  are  having  a  description  of  the  "cause  in  terms  of  its  effects."

Next : Discussion-2. "Visva  and  Virat ........."

To be continued  ....




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Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

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sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

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Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
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etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
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bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

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Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

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brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

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catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

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