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Mundakopanishad : Chapter-2, Section-1, Mantram-6 & 7. { Rituals and means to perform them are also born from the imperishable. }


Mundakopanishad :

Chapter-2.

Section-1.

Mantram-6 & 7.  { Rituals  and  means  to  perform  them  are  also  born  from  the  imperishable. }


Mantram-6.

Tasmad  rcah  sama  yajumsi  diksha

yajnas-ca  sarve  kratavo  dakshinas-ca,

samvat-saras-ca  yajamanas-ca  lokah

somo  yatra  pavate  yatra  suryah.


tasmat  =  from  Him;

rcah  =  Vedik  hymns  -  the RK;

samah  =  the  sacred  chants - the Sama  Vdam;

yajumsi  =  the  sacrificial  formulae  of  Yajur  Vedam;

diksha  =  preliminary  rites  observed  by  the  sacrificer;

yahnah  =  sacrifices  like  Agnihotram;

ca  =  and;

sarve  =  all;

kratavah  =  ceremonies  which  require  a  Yupa  ( i.e.  a  sacrificial  post  to  which  a  sacrifice  is  tied  during  the  ceremonies );

dakshinah  =  sacrificial  gifts  given  to  the  priests;

ca  =  and;

samvat-sarah  =  the  year  ( the  time  of  the  sacrifices );

ca  =  and;

yajamanah  =  the  sacrificer;

ca  -  and;

lokah  =  the  worlds  (  the  world  of  experiences  );


( utpannah  =  have  originated );

somah  =  the  moon;

yatra  =  where;

pavate  =  purifies;

yatra  =  where;

suryah   =  the  Sun;

( pavate  =  purifies ).



"From  Him  are  the  Vedik  hymns,  the  sacred  chants,  the  sacrificial  formulae,  preliminary  rites,  sacrifices,  ceremonies,  sacrificial  gifts,  the  time  of  the  sacrifice,  the  sacrificer  and  the  worlds,  purified  by  the  Sun  and  the  Moon  (  which come  to  one  as  the  fruits  of  sacrificer ).


Next Mantram-7.

To be continued ...

Note : Discussion will  be  combine for mantram 6 & 7.





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Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

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A Mahavakyam is a scriptuaral declaration…