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Mundakopanishad : Chapter-2, Section-1, Mantram-8. { Objects, organs and their presiding deities are also the creation of Brahmam }.


Mundakopanishad :

Chapter-2.

Section-1.

Mantram-8. { Objects,  organs  and  their  presiding  deities  are  also  the  creation  of  Brahmam }.

Sapta  pranah  prabhavanti  tasmat

saptarcisah  samidhah  sapta  homah,

sapta  ime  loka  yeshu  caranti  prana

guhasaya  nihitah  sapta  sapta.


sapta  pranah  =  seven  prana-s  or  organs  of  senses;

prabhavanti  =  are  born;

tasmat  =  from  Him;

sapta  arcisah  =  seven  flames  of  the  fire  ( viz. 1.Kali, 2. Karati, 3. etc,.......)  which  are  powers  of  recognition;

samidhah  =  ( seven - fold  sense  objects ),  fuel;

saptah  =  seven-fold;

homah  =  oblations  ( knowledge );

saptah  =  seven;

ime  =  these;

lokah  =  worlds, ( seats  of  sense  life );

yeshu  =  where;

caranti  =  move;

pranah  =  the  prana-s  ( life-forces);

guhasayah  =  lying  in  the  cave  ( heart );

nihitah  =  seated;

sapta  =  seven;

sapta  =  seven.

"From HIM  are  born  seven  Prana-s,  the  seven  flames,  seven-fold  fuel,  the  seven-fold  oblations,  as  also  the  seven  worlds  where  the  Prana-s  move  in  the  cave  of  living  creatures;  seven  and  seven."

Next : Discussion-1. "On  a  rough  reading  the  above  ........  confusion  and  confusion  ....."

To be continued  ....





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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD
Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

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Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

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A Mahavakyam is a scriptuaral declaration…