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Mundakopanishad : Chapter-2, Section-1, Mantram-6 & 7. { Rituals and means to perform them are also born from the imperishable. }



Mundakopanishad :

Chapter-2.

Section-1.

Mantram-6 & 7.  { Rituals  and  means  to  perform  them  are  also  born  from  the  imperishable. }

Mantram-7.



Tasmac-ca  deva  bahudha  samprasutah

sadhya  manusyah  pasavo  vayamsi,

prana-panau  vrihiyabau  tapas-ca

sraddha  satyam  brahma-caryam  vidhis-ca.



tasmat  =  from  Him;

ca  =  and;

devah  =  the  Gods;

bahudha  =  of  various  orders  ( e.g.  Vasu-s,  Rudra-s,  etc );

samprasutah  =  are  born;

sadhyah  =  the  celestial;

manushyah  =  the  human  beings;

pasavah  =  the  cattle,  beasts;

vayamsi  =  the  birds;

prana-apanau  =  the  in-breaths  and  out-breaths;

vrihiyavau  =  the  corn  and  barley;

tapah  =  the  ( concentrated )  thought,  austerities;

ca  =  and;

sraddha  =  the  devotion;

satyam  the  Truth;

brahma-caryam  =  self-control;

vidhih  =  values  of  life;

ca  =  and;

( samprasutah  =  were  born).



"From  Him  also  the  Gods  of  various  orders,  the  celestial,  the  human,  the  beasts  ( cattle ),  the  birds,  the  in-breaths  and  out-breaths,  the  corn  and  barley,  thought,  devotion,  truth,  self-control,  and  values  of  life  ( were  born )."


Next : Discussion-1. "how  from  the  subtler,  grosser  things  evolving ..........."

To be continued  ....




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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

Naturally, it is clear that the great Master is wanting the student to understand that AUM is BRAHMAM.

AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

The individual-Self is the Universal-Self.

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-3

*****************************
Jagarita-sthano  bahih  prajnah  saptanga

ekona-vimsati-mukhah  sthula-bhuk

vaisvanarah  prathamah  padah.

*****************************


Jagarita-sthano  :  one whose field is waking state;

bahih  prajnah   :  who is conscious of the external;

sapta  angah  :  has seven limbs;

ekona  vimsati  mukhah  :  has nineteen mouths;

sthula-bhuk  :  experiencer of  gross objects;

vaisvanarah   :  (is)  vaisvanara;

prathamah  :  first;

padah  ;  quarter.

********************************************

*
The first quarter (pada)  is Vaisvanara whose sphere of activity is the waking state, who is conscious of the external world of objects, who has seven limbs and ninteen mouths, and who enjoys the gross objects of the world.

*  
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1. the experiencer,

2. the experienced,

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