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Mundakopanishad : Chapter-2, Section-1, Mantram-5. { Sequence of Creation from the Imperishable }



Mundakopanishad :

Chapter-2.

Section-1.

Mantram-5. { Sequence  of  Creation  from  the  Imperishable }


"Tasmad-agnih  samidho  yasya  suryah

somat  parjanya  osadhayah  prthivyam,

puman  retah  sincati  yositayam

vahvih  prajah  purusat  samprasutah."


[tasmat  =  from  Him;

agnih  =the  sky  ( which  is  the  First  fire );

samidhah  =  fuel;

yasya  =  whose;

suryah  =  the  Sun;

somat  =  from  the  moon;

parjanyah  =  the  rain  clouds  ( Second fire )

osadhayah  =  the  herbs;

prthivyam  =  on  the  earth  ( the  Third  fire );

puman  =  the  man  (  the  Fourth  fire );

retah  =  semen;

sincati  =  casts,  sheds;

yositayam  =  into  the  woman  ( the Fifth  fire );

{evam  kramena  =   by  this  process };

vahvih  =  many;

prajah  =  living  beings;

purusat  =  from  the  purusha ( From Him/Brahmam );

samprasutah  =  are  ( born ) produced.]


"From  Him  are  produced  the  Sky  (  which  is  the  first  fire )  whose  fuel  is  the  Sun;  from  the  moon,  the  rain  clouds  ( the  second  fire );  from  the  clouds,  the  herbs  that  grow  on  the  earth  ( the  third  fire );  from  these  ( herbs  eaten );  the  man  ( the  fourth  fire );  who  sheds  his  seeds  into  the  woman  ( the  fifth  fire )."

"In  this  manner  many  living  beings  are  born  from  the  Purushan  ( Him / Lord / Paramatma / Brahmam ),  the  all-pervading  BEING."

Next : Discussion-1. "It  is  such  Mantram  that  confuse  and  cofound  ordinary  reader........we  need  a  guide ( Guru )..."

To be continued  ....






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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD
Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

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Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

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