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Mundakopanishad : CHAPTER-2. SECTION-2. MANTRAM-1.{ Pointers to the nature of Brahmam and advice how to know it. }


Mundakopanishad :

 CHAPTER-2.

SECTION-2.

MANTRAM-1.{  Pointers  to  the  nature  of  Brahmam  and  advice  how  to  know  it. }



Avih  sannihitam  guhacaram  nama

mahat  padam-atraitat  samarpitam,

ejat  pranan-nimisac-ca  yadetaj-janatha  sad-asad

varenyam  param  vijnanad  yad-varishtam  prajanam.



avih  =  bright;

sannihitam  =  existing  very  close;

guhacaram  =  moving  in  the  cavity  of  heart;

nama  =  known  as;

mahat  =  great;

padam  =  the  support;

atra  =  here  ( in  that  Brahmam );

etat  =  this;

( sarvam  =  all );

samarpitam  =  ( in  HIM  ( Brahmam / Lord / God )  is  all  the  universe )  centred  round;

ejat  =  moves;

pranat  =  breathes;

nimisat  =  winks;

ca  =  and;

yat  =  this  ( Brahmam );

etat  =  this;

janatha  =  know;

sat  =  with  form  ( gross );

asat  =  without  form ( subtle );

varenyam  =  the  most  adorable;

param  =  the  highest  of  beings;

vijnanat  =  beyond  the  understanding  of;

yat  =  this;

varishtam  =  the  one  being  adored;

prajanam  =  of  creatures.



"Bright,  existing  very  close,  moving  in  the  cavity  of  the  heart;

great  and  the  support  of  all;

In  HIM  is  all  the UNIVERSE  centred  round  :

what  moves,  breathes  and  winks.

Know  it  which  is  both  with  form  ( rupam )  and  without  form,

the  most  adorable,

the  highest  of  beings,

the  ONE  beyond  the  understanding  of  creatures."  

Next : Discussion-1. "What Mother Sruti  proposes"........

To be continued  ....



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Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

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Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

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Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

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This oft-quoted declaration is considered to be major text ( Mahavakyam ) by the Vedantik-seekers.

A Mahavakyam is a scriptuaral declaration…