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Mundakopanishad : CHAPTER-2. SECTION-2. MANTRAM-5. { Method of Self-Realisation }



Mundakopanishad :

 CHAPTER-2.

SECTION-2.

MANTRAM-5. { Method  of  Self-Realisation }


Yasmin  dyauh  prthivi  candariksha-

motam  manah  saha  pranais-ca  sarvaih,

tam-evaikam  janatha  atmana-manya

vaco  vimunca-thamrta-syaisa  setuh.


yasmin  =  in  whom;

dyauh  =  the  heaven;

prthivi  =  the  earth;

ca  =  and;

antariksham  =  the  inter-space;

otam  =  centered;

manah  =  the  mind;

saha  =  together  with;

pranaih  =  life  breaths  ( Prana-s );

ca  =  and;

sarvaih  =  of  all;

tam  =  him;

eva  =  alone;

ekam  =  one;

janatha  =  know;

atmanam  =  as  the  Atma  ( Self );

anyah  =  all  other;

vacah  =  talks;

vimuncatha  =  give  up,  desist;

amrtasya  =  of  immortality;

eshah  =  this  is;

setuh  =  bridge.


"He  in  whom  the  heaven,  the  earth  and  the  inter-space  are  centered,  together  with  the  mind  and  all  life-breaths { Prana-s }  ---  know  Him  alone  as  the  one  Self  of  all  ( one  Paramatma ) ,  and  desist  from  all  other  talk.  This  is  the  man's  bridge  to  the  shore  of  immortality  { Across  the  Ocean  of  Life }."


Next : Discussion-1. "Are  centered"  ....

To be continued ....
 

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

Naturally, it is clear that the great Master is wanting the student to understand that AUM is BRAHMAM.

AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

The individual-Self is the Universal-Self.

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-3

*****************************
Jagarita-sthano  bahih  prajnah  saptanga

ekona-vimsati-mukhah  sthula-bhuk

vaisvanarah  prathamah  padah.

*****************************


Jagarita-sthano  :  one whose field is waking state;

bahih  prajnah   :  who is conscious of the external;

sapta  angah  :  has seven limbs;

ekona  vimsati  mukhah  :  has nineteen mouths;

sthula-bhuk  :  experiencer of  gross objects;

vaisvanarah   :  (is)  vaisvanara;

prathamah  :  first;

padah  ;  quarter.

********************************************

*
The first quarter (pada)  is Vaisvanara whose sphere of activity is the waking state, who is conscious of the external world of objects, who has seven limbs and ninteen mouths, and who enjoys the gross objects of the world.

*  
Discussion-1.

The unit of life is experience and experience consists of three main factors : -

1. the experiencer,

2. the experienced,

3.…