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Mundakopanishad : CHAPTER-2. SECTION-2. MANTRAM-5. { Method of Self-Realisation }



Mundakopanishad :

 CHAPTER-2.

SECTION-2.

MANTRAM-5. { Method  of  Self-Realisation }


Yasmin  dyauh  prthivi  candariksha-

motam  manah  saha  pranais-ca  sarvaih,

tam-evaikam  janatha  atmana-manya

vaco  vimunca-thamrta-syaisa  setuh.


yasmin  =  in  whom;

dyauh  =  the  heaven;

prthivi  =  the  earth;

ca  =  and;

antariksham  =  the  inter-space;

otam  =  centered;

manah  =  the  mind;

saha  =  together  with;

pranaih  =  life  breaths  ( Prana-s );

ca  =  and;

sarvaih  =  of  all;

tam  =  him;

eva  =  alone;

ekam  =  one;

janatha  =  know;

atmanam  =  as  the  Atma  ( Self );

anyah  =  all  other;

vacah  =  talks;

vimuncatha  =  give  up,  desist;

amrtasya  =  of  immortality;

eshah  =  this  is;

setuh  =  bridge.


"He  in  whom  the  heaven,  the  earth  and  the  inter-space  are  centered,  together  with  the  mind  and  all  life-breaths { Prana-s }  ---  know  Him  alone  as  the  one  Self  of  all  ( one  Paramatma ) ,  and  desist  from  all  other  talk.  This  is  the  man's  bridge  to  the  shore  of  immortality  { Across  the  Ocean  of  Life }."


Next : Discussion-1. "Are  centered"  ....

To be continued ....
 

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD
Chapter-1.
"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-1

"Harih  Aum,  Aum,-ityetad-aksharam-idam  sarvam

tasyopa-vyakhyanam  bhutam  bhavad-bhavisyad  iti

sarvam-onkara  eva,  yac-canyat-trikalatitam

tad-apy-onkara  eva."

Harih  Aum  =  symbol  of  para Brahmam;
Aum  iti  =  Omkara  ( iti )  thus;
etat  aksharam  =  this  syllable;
idam  sarvam  =  ( is )  all  this;
tasya  =  of  that  ( Omkara );
upa-vyakhyanam  =  a  clear  exposition;
bhutam  =  the  past;
bhavat  =  the  present;
bhavishyat  =  ( and )  the  future;
iti  =  thus  ( belonging  to );
sarvam  =  all  this;
Omkara  eva  =  ( is )  Omkara  only;
yat  =  that  which  is;
ca  =  and;
anyat  =  anything  else;
trikala  atitam  =  beyond  ( the  three  periods  of )  time;
tat  =  that;
api  =  also;
Omkarah  =  ( is )  Omkara;
eva  =  only.

"Harih  Aum, Aum,  the  word,  is  all  this.  A  clear  explanation  of  it  is  ( the  following )" : -

"All  that …

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

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This oft-quoted declaration is considered to be major text ( Mahavakyam ) by the Vedantik-seekers.

A Mahavakyam is a scriptuaral declaration…