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Mundakopanishad : CHAPTER-2. SECTION-2. MANTRAM-1.{ Pointers to the nature of Brahmam and advice how to know it. }



Mundakopanishad :

 CHAPTER-2.

SECTION-2.

MANTRAM-1.{  Pointers  to  the  nature  of  Brahmam  and  advice  how  to  know  it. }

 Discussion-5. "Great  and  the  support  of  all"....

Great  and  the  Support  of  all : -

The  Eternal,  we  have  already  found,  must  be  formless  and  the  formless  must  be  all-pervading.

Elsewhere,  in  the  'Sruti,'  we  have  the  statement,  that  Truth  'pervades  all,  and  nothing  pervades  it'.

Naturally,  the  extent  and  dimentions  of  Truth  must  be  greater  than  the  greatest,  since  it  is  "Infinite."

It  is  the  support  of  all,  in  the  sense  that,  if  Consciousness  is  removed  nothing  exists;  if  existence  is  removed  from  the  table,  the  table  should  become  npn-existence.

The  Self  being  the  very  source  of  all,  it  becomes  the  cause  for  everything  perceived  or  felt.

The  "cause  is  the  support  of  all  the  effects" ---

Clay  is  support  of  clay-pots;

Gold  is  the  support  of  all  gold  ornaments;

Ocean  is  the  support  of  all  waves,  ripples,  foam,  and  bubbles  in  the  Ocean.

In  this  sense  the  "ATMA  or  the  SELF" is  here  descibed  as  support  of  all.

Next : Discussion- 6. "Moves,  breathes  and  winks"......

To be continued  ....



   

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-1.

In the last mantram the great Rishi summarizing his transcendental wisdom declared, "all this is, verily, "AUM".

Continuing the declaration, the Rishi is now giving a discourse to the student and he says, "all this is BRAHMAM."

Naturally, it is clear that the great Master is wanting the student to understand that AUM is BRAHMAM.

AUM is not only indicates the Spiritual Centre in the Individual, but also r…

MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-2, Discussion- 7.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD

Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-2

"Sarvam  hyetad  Brahma,  ayam-atma Brahma,
so' yam-atma  catuspat."

sarvam - all;

hi - indded;

etat -this;

brahma - this (is)  BRAHMAM;

ayam atma brahma - this Self ( ATMA IN US ) is BRAHMAM;

sah - That ( BRAHMAM );

ayam atma - ( which is ) this Self ( ATMA IN US );

catuspat - ( is ) covered with four quarters ( PARTS ).

"All this is verily BRAHMAM. This is BRAHMAM. This JIVATMA ( ATMA WITHIN US ) has four quarters ( parts )."

Discussion-7.

The Absolute 'this' is then the Spiritual Center in ourselves; and since Spiritual Factor is Eternal and All-pervading, the Center in ourselves is the Center everywhere.

The individual-Self is the Universal-Self.

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This oft-quoted declaration is considered to be major text ( Mahavakyam ) by the Vedantik-seekers.

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MANDUKYA UPANISHAD : Chapter-1. "AGAMA PRAKARANA" ( The Scriptural Treatise ) Mantram-3, Discussion- 1.

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Chapter-1.

"AGAMA PRAKARANA"
( The Scriptural Treatise )

Mantram-3

*****************************
Jagarita-sthano  bahih  prajnah  saptanga

ekona-vimsati-mukhah  sthula-bhuk

vaisvanarah  prathamah  padah.

*****************************


Jagarita-sthano  :  one whose field is waking state;

bahih  prajnah   :  who is conscious of the external;

sapta  angah  :  has seven limbs;

ekona  vimsati  mukhah  :  has nineteen mouths;

sthula-bhuk  :  experiencer of  gross objects;

vaisvanarah   :  (is)  vaisvanara;

prathamah  :  first;

padah  ;  quarter.

********************************************

*
The first quarter (pada)  is Vaisvanara whose sphere of activity is the waking state, who is conscious of the external world of objects, who has seven limbs and ninteen mouths, and who enjoys the gross objects of the world.

*  
Discussion-1.

The unit of life is experience and experience consists of three main factors : -

1. the experiencer,

2. the experienced,

3.…